Book Reviews of the Southeastern Naturalist, Issue 7/2, 2008
Land Use Effects on Streamfl ow and
Water Quality in the Northeastern
United States. Avril L. de la Crétaz and
Paul K. Barten. 2007. CRC Press, Boca
Raton, FL. 319 pp. $139.95, hardcover.
ISBN 0849391873. This text is designed
to be a desk reference on issues of watershed
management for a target audience of
watershed and forestry managers, scientists,
legislators, planners, engineers, and
students. The first part of the text covers
the fundamental science underlying watershed
management, with chapters on the
relationship between upland activities and
water quality, hydrologic processes, water
chemistry and pollutants, how aquatic organisms
are used to assess stream health,
and the structure and function of riparian
zones. The text then builds on this scientific knowledge, using published case
studies to examine the effects of specific
land uses on watershed health. A valuable
and much needed synthesis of how landuse
policy affects watersheds. S.E.
Powhatan’s Mantle: Indians in the Colonial
Southeast. Gregory A. Waselkov,
Peter H. Wood, and Tome Hatley (Eds.).
2006. University of Nebraska Press.
Lincoln, Nebraska. 550 pp. $21.95, softcover.
ISBN 9780803298613. Powhatan’s
Mantle is a revised and expanded version
of a book with the same title (1989). Consisting
of 15 research-based essays, Powhatan’s
Mantle disseminates knowledge
about southeastern American Indian-Colonial
life from 1600 to1700 in three focus
areas: geography and population; politics
and economics; and symbols and change.
Researchers, using innovative methods
and data sources—e.g., Indian maps,
records of Spanish Franciscan friars, and
genealogical trees—to derive inferences
about Indian customs, governance, interchanges
with colonists (English, French,
and Spanish), and how each group perceived
the other. The strongest of the
essays, “politics and economics,” identify
variables correlated with Indian-colonists’
abilities to accommodate each other, live
in parallel, or succumb to sequential hostilities,
marginalization, or enslavement.
Additionally, these essays detail diverse
governance patterns of “French Louisiana;”
the Florida “Republic of Indians;”
the Virginian Algonquins led by Chief
Powahatan; and the Virginian Pamunkey,
Queen Cockacoeske who ruled in collaboration
with the colonist government
of Williamsburg. Described throughout
Powhatan’s Mantle are economic allegiances,
rivalries, and imbalances that
led to the decline and eventual submission
of natives to incursion forces. To the
extent that findings can be generalized to
current incursions, Powhatan’s Mantle is
a must read for policymakers, educators,
and historians, as well as anthropologistarcheologist
Our Forest, Your Ecosystem, Their
Timber: Communities, Conservation,
and the State in Community-Based
Forest Management. Nicholas K. Menzies.
2007. Columbia University Press,
New York, NY. 264 pp. $50, hardcover.
ISBN 9780231136921. Four case studies
highlight the difficulties in initiating and
implementing community-based forest
management throughout the world. Menzies
takes the reader to China, Zanzibar,
Brazil, and India to relate individual
stories. Using the case studies and many
other examples, Menzies describes a common
narrative for communities facing
forest loss that includes four episodes:
loss of community control over forest
resources, extractive use accelerates forest
loss to the detriment of local people,
forest communities decide that something
must be done and negotiate agreements
with the state to form a partnership, and
disagreement over the management regime
due to differing expectations. The
rest of the text focuses on creating a counter-
narrative based on these four episodes.
The lessons of this book are applicable to
situations around the world and here at
home. Abundant notes and references are
The Making of a Tropical Disease: A
Short History of Malaria. Randall M.
Packard. 2007. The John Hopkins University
Press, Baltimore, MD. 296 pp.
$24.95, hardcover. ISBN 9780801887123.
In addition to focusing on the tropical
regions in which malaria is currently a
public health problem, this book discusses
historical outbreaks in unlikely
places and the events that led to them.
The climatological, sociological, and
economic conditions that led to outbreaks
must be understood as well as the geographic
conditions that are usually considered.
The story of Malaria including
identification of its mosquito vector, the
ecology of the vector, eradication efforts,
and the reasons for malaria’s persistence
are discussed along with policy recommendations
that will reduce incidence of
malaria and ultimately save lives. Packard
conveys a captivating story that will be
appreciated by a general audience with
an interest in how economic, social, and
natural forces can conspire to spread and
sustain deadly consequences. Extensive
notes are provided. C.R.
Before Darwin: Reconciling God and
Nature. Keith Thomson. 2005. Yale
University Press, New Haven, CT. 314
pp. $18, softcover. ISBN 0300107935.
Thompson examines the prevailing
thought and the prominent thinkers and
writers on the topic of natural theology
during the period approximately 200
years prior to Darwin’s publication of
On the Origin of Species. Philosophers
and scientists had been grappling with
inconsistencies between religious teachings
and new scientific discoveries being
reported by their colleagues long before
natural selection was articulated by
Darwin. A colorful picture of the personalities
and their interactions is presented
here. This book will appeal to a general
audience, especially those interested in
the history of science as well as those
interested in theology and its relationship
to science. It has relevance to contemporary
discussions of intelligent design and
creationism. A bibliography and notes are
The Jewel House: Elizabethan London
and the Scientific Revolution. Deborah
E, Harkness. 2007. Yale University
Press, New Haven, CT. 349 pp. $32.50,
hardcover. ISBN 9780300111965. The
members of the scientific community living
in London during Elizabethan times
and their interactions are the subjects of
this book. Harkness explores the various
people who sought to study natural
history in the heart of an urban area and
how their work and thought contributed
to the scientific revolution. Through six
episodes, Harkness introduces the reader
to the characters and happenings on Lime
Street, the confl icts between foreign and
English barber-surgeons, instruments
and their makers, rewards by Queen
Elizabeth to spur invention, the pursuit
of experimental practices, and the wealth
of natural knowledge and experimental
know-how in London at the time. Finally,
a coda is included that elucidates the authors
ideas about the history of science.
Extensive notes and bibliography are
provided. A general audience will enjoy
this book. C.R.
Manx Bird Atlas: An Atlas of Breeding
and Wintering Birds on the Isle of
Man. Chris Sharpe (Ed.). 2007. Liverpool
University Press, Liverpool, UK. 389 pp.
$95, hardcover. ISBN 1846310393. This
publication is the result of an islandwide
survey of breeding and wintering
birds over a period of five years.
Unique aspects of this survey include
its fine resolution, the fact that a staff
of ornithologists executed it, and that
it provides measures of abundance and
also population estimates. Detailed species
accounts are provided for about 150
species. Each includes a line drawing and
a narrative that covers habitat, local differences,
breeding distribution, migration
376 Southeastern Naturalist Vol. 6, No.4
patterns, and history of the species on Isle
of Man. Maps include summer and winter
presence and abundance. An introduction
provides background on the geography
and habitats of the island, its climate, and
historical background and methods used
in the survey. C.R.
To Love the Wind and the Rain: African
Americans and Environmental History.
Dianne D. Glave and Mark Stoll (Eds.).
2006. University of Pittsburgh Press,
Pittsburgh PA. 288 pp. $24.95, softcover.
ISBN 0822958996. A much needed account
of key events in the African American
environmental experience. Covers
a wide range of topics from slavery to
modern environmental justice. Will help
the environmental movement in America
broaden its awareness of the experience
and history of neglected stakeholders. A
must read for environmental historians.
Highly recommended. S.O’M.
Complex Population Dynamics: A
Theoretical/Empirical Synthesis. Peter
Turchin. 2003. Princeton University
Press, Princeton, NJ and Oxford, UK. 392
pp. $45, softcover. ISBN 0691090211.
Using the conceptual tools that ecologists
use to investigate population oscillations,
as well as population modeling and
statistical analysis of time-series data,
Peter Turchin integrates theoretical and
empirical studies into a new synthesis
of knowledge concerning population dynamics.
This study is an interesting and
refreshingly new approach to understanding
population dynamics and ecology, and
will be especially useful for scientists and
students alike. J.E.
Native Americans and the Environment:
Perspectives on the Ecological
Indian, Fourth Edition. Michael E. Harkin
and David Rich Lewis (Eds.). 2006.
University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln,
NE. 367 pp. $24.95, softcover. ISBN
9780803273610. The editors, with a foreword
by Judith Antell, a preface by Brian
Hosmer, and an afterword by Shepard
Krech III, have presented the nature and
evolution of traditional ecological knowledge
as it relates directly to native American
culture. A view of narrower current
issues, such as the problems of storing
nuclear waste on modern reservations,
and historical/archeaological topics,
such as Pleistocene extinctions, are also
discussed. This work brings together an
interdisciplinary group of scholars from
academic institutions and Native American
Evolution and Learning: The Baldwin
Effect Reconsidered. Bruce H. Weber
and David J. Depew (Eds.). 2007. The
MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. 352 pp. $25,
softcover. ISBN 9780262731812. The
Baldwin effect was, in essence, the notion
that learned behavior could affect the rate
and direction of evolutionary change. The
essays in this book discuss the originally
proposed effect, how it was modified
over a period of time, and its possible
contribution to empirical and theoretical
evolutionary studies. Some of the topics
include the nature and role of niche construction,
the emergence of consciousness
and language, and the effect in computational
cognitive science. This volume is
an outstanding study for philosophers and
theorists of a variety of ontological and
epistemological backgrounds. J.E.
Fly. Steven Connor. 2006. The University
of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL. 224 pp.
$19.95, softcover. ISBN 1861892942.
With numerous black-and-white and
full-color illustrations and photographs,
Steven Connor has written a captivating
exploration of this ubiquitious insect.
Drawing upon research into the popular
culture—myth, literature, politics, religion,
film— through the ages surrounding
the much-maligned fl y, as well as knowledge
of its biology, Connor manages to
bring to the reader an appreciation of
its significant role in human history and
of the amazing beauty and wonder of
its biological design. A unique blend of
cultural history and scientific guide, this
book is highly recommended for all who
want to broaden their understanding of
a small creature that looms large in our
Arkansas Butterfl ies and Moths, Sixth
Edition. Lori A. Spencer. 1970. Ozark
Society Foundation, Little Rock, Arkansas.
295 pp. $27.95, softcover. ISBN
0912456256. With a foreword by Robert
Michael Pyle, Lori A Spencer continues
the nature series first penned by Carl
Hunter for the Ozark Society Foundation
with his popular field guides. This book is
a well-designed and beautifully presented
reference guide and resource for those
interested in identifying and familiarizing
themselves with the lepidoptera of the
Arkansas region. A well-written introduction
provides useful background on the
general biology of moths and butterfl ies
along with a silhouette key for quickly
identifying specimens to family. The
main body of the text presents the species
organized by family. Each entry offers descriptive
charactericstics and life-history
information accompanied by a full-color
photograph. Thirty drawings, resource
lists, checklists, glossary, references, and
multiple indices round out the usefulness
of this guide. J.E. and K.G.
Maya Political Science: Time, Astronomy,
and the Cosmos. Prudence M.
Rice. 2004. University of Texas Press,
Austin, TX. 352 pp. $24.95, softcover.
ISBN 0292705697. Dissatisfied with the
previously proposed models for the political
organization of the Classic period
lowland Maya civilization, Rice proposes
using a "direct-historical approach."
Integrating modern ethnography with
Maya and Spanish commentary from the
contact, conquest, and Colonial periods
and inscriptions from the Classic period,
the author argues that Maya geopolitical
organization was based on the cyclic
temporal calendar and the division of
the cosmos into four cardinal directions.
After introducing her approach, Rice
then examines other models, the Maya
cosmology and calendrical science, the
archaeological/historical record of Tikal
and other Classic period realms, and fi-
nally, implacations of her "May Model"
on various apsects of Mayan culture.
Illustrated with numerous black-andwhite
charts, diagrams, drawings, and
photographs. An extensive bibliography
provides numerous sources for further
research on the subject. This book is an
interesting and insightful resource for
students of Latin American history and
Nature and National Identity after Communism:
Globalizing the Ethnoscape.
Katrina Z.S. Schwartz. 2006. University
of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA. 312
pp. $27.95, softcover. ISBN 0822959429.
In this work, the author examines the
intersection of environmental politics,
national identity, and globalization in
Latvia. It is based on extensive research
and discourse analysis, and it explores
Latvia’s post-Soviet responses to political
pressures, biodiversity, conservation,
and rural development, as well as the economic
assistance from Europe. This book
is part of the Pitt series in Russian and
east European studies, and sheds light on
a subject matter that is little understood
in the larger context of the global market.
It is an excellent resource for students of
international affairs. J.E.
Neural Networks and Animal Behavior.
Magnus Enquist and Stefano Ghirlanda.
2005. Princeton University Press, Princeton,
NJ, and Oxford, UK. 253 pp. $39.95,
softcover. ISBN 0691096333. By applying
neural network theory, the authors
attempt to better answer the question of
how we can make better sense of animal
behavior. The authors show how scientists
can use Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)
to analyze animal behavior, test generalizations
among various species, and
explore the principles of the nervous systems.
Early chapters provide an overview
of the current understanding of animal
behavior and the basics of neural network
378 Southeastern Naturalist Vol. 6, No.4
models. Subsequent chapters examine
learning and ontology, the evolution of
behavior systems, and a comparison of
neural networking to other approaches.
Illustrated with numerous diagrams, and
supplemented with an extensive bibliography,
this book is recommended for
students, and researchers in the field of
animal behavior. J.E. and K.G.
Tropical Rain Forests: An Ecological
and Biogeographical Comparison.
Richard Primack and Richard Corlett.
2006. Blackwell Publishing, Malden,
MA. 319 pp. $82.95, hardcover. ISBN
0632045132. In this book, the distinctive
characteristics of rain forests from tropical
Asia, to tropical America, to Africa,
Australia, Madagascar and New Guinea
are viewed and compared with emphasis
on their climates, biographical histories
and environments. Several chapters are
devoted to the plant and animal species
inhabiting rain forests, as well as to the
human impact on those environments.
With a wide variety of interesting photographs,
maps, charts and diagrams, this
book is invaluable reading for both graduate
and undergraduate students in a wide
range of disciplines, and poses questions
that will prove to be of special interest to
field researchers. J.E.
What a Book Can Do: The Publication
and Reception of Silent Spring,
Second Edition. Priscilla Coit Murphy.
2005. University of Massachusetts Press,
Amherst, MA. 254 pp. $22.95, softcover.
ISBN 9781558495821. The original
publication of Rachel Carson’s Silent
Spring in 1962 resulted in widespread
debate regarding hazards of pesticides
on humans and the environment. Priscilla
Coit Murphy explores the reasons why the
book made such a dramatic impact and
points to how a news-making book may
enable a single voice of timely warning
to be heard internationally. Carson’s book
turned out to be an agent for change and
raised questions about science, the media,
and the right to know. This subsequent
study of Carson’s work, and the reasons
for its success, is an excellent choice for
public relations case studies, and a useful
resource for journalism students and those
interested in the history of science and its
political impacts. J.E.
The Science of Describing Natural History
in Renaissance Europe. Brian W.
Ogilvie. 2006. The University of Chicago
Press, Chicago, IL. 431 pp. $45, hardcover.
ISBN 0226620875. In this study,
the author takes the practice of description
to the fore and offers a refreshingly
new analysis and interpretation of a neglected
field of early modern culture. He
outlines the development of botany as an
emerging science of the sixteenth and
early seventeenth century, and includes
the ideas, traditions and inventions of the
early naturalists, as well as their practices.
This book is a valuable reference for both
historians and scientists. J.E.
Ecological Stoichiometry: The Biology
of Elements from Molecules to the
Biosphere, Second Edition. Robert W.
Sterner and James J. Elser. 2002. Princeton
University Press, Princeton, NJ,
and Oxford, UK. 439 pp. $45, softcover.
ISBN 0691074917. With a foreword by
Peter Vitousek, and with each chapter following
a logical progression, the authors
clearly show how an understanding of
biochemical deployment of elements in
organisms from microbes to metazoa possibly
provides the key to understanding
both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
This book is an interesting study and will
prove highly useful for advanced students
in the fields of biology, zoology, and
The Chocolate Tree: A Natural History
of Cacao, Second Edition. Allen
M. Young. 2007. University Press of
Florida, Gainesville, FL. 240 pp. $24.95,
softcover. ISBN 9780813030449. Considered
a classic on the subject matter, this
book was first published in 1994. This
revised and expanded edition provides
a full spectrum of understanding on
cocoa cultivation. The author describes
the past and present production methods
and pollination biology of the cocao, the
studies that relate to the consumption of
chocolate as it benefits both physical and
mental health, as well as the archeological
evidence that clearly points to the wide
use of cacao in early times. In the final
chapter, the author discusses the impact
of large-scale cultivation and the potential
for ecologically sustainable production
methods. This book is an interesting and
informative read for anyone who appreciates
chocolate. J.E.and K.G.
Science vs Religion? Intelligent Design
and the Problem of Evolution.
Steve Fuller. 2007. Polity Press, Malden,
MA. 179 pp. $19.95, softcover. ISBN
9780745641225. This work by Steve
Fuller is an interesting approach to a
subject matter that is highly controversial.
The author manages to provide the historical,
philosophical, and intellectual context
for the debate, and shows how much of
it is traditional or new. He provides the
political background that reveals how
"science vs. religion" is in fact a false
dichotomy disguising other institutionally
driven confl icts, and how the unique
circumstances in the United States make
it such a heated legal battleground for this
issue. This book is an outstanding work
that is sure to provide much new and
needed insight into the ongoing debate.
The Magnificent Flora Graeca. Stephen
Harris. 2007. The University of Chicago
Press, Chicago, IL. 189 pp. $60, hardcover.
ISBN 9781851243068. This volume is
a celebration of John Sibthorp’s quest to
catalog the fl ora and fauna of the eastern
Mediterranean in 1786 and the publication
of his Flora Graeca, a lavishly illustrated
book that was illustrated by Ferdinand
Bauer, who traveled with Sibthorp. Harris
chronicles the planning, fieldwork,
writing, and publishing of this set of ten
double folio albums of which only 25
copies were printed and hand colored.
One hundred color plates represent the
nearly one thousand illustrations that accompanied
the original Flora Graeca and
are beautifully reproduced in this volume.
The text includes biographical information
and provides the geographical and
historical framework for Sibthorp’s two
trips to the Greek islands and the Ottoman
Empire. Those with an interest
in this region, botanical exploration, or
botanical illustration will appreciate this
Making Sense of Evolution: The Conceptual
Foundations of Evolutionary
Biology. Massimo Pigliucci and Jonathan
Kaplan. 2006. The University of Chicago
Press, Chicago, IL. 300 pp. $28, softcover.
ISBN 0226668371. Both philosophical
and scientific, this look at evolutionary
biology is meant to inspire thought and
further discussion between the two fields.
Beginning with ways to conceive fitness
and natural selection, the authors address
detection of natural selection in populations
and debate the level at which selection,
at either the individual or population
level, is detectible. The idea of adaptation
is tackled in several chapters, beginning
with a critique of genetic variance-covariance
matrices used to measure constraints
on selection, then with the presence of
spandrels (traits that may not be present
for any good reason), and finally with a
discussion of the determination of the
function of biological traits. The authors
then discuss their ideas in the context of
macroevolution and speciation. They end
with a look at null hypotheses and suggest
some different ways of formulating
experiments and presenting their results.
Helpful diagrams and sidebars are included
as well as an extensive references
Brewing Justice: Fair Trade Coffee,
Sustainability, and Survival. Daniel
Jaffee. 2007. University of California
Press, Berkeley, CA. 331 pp. $21.95,
softcover. ISBN 9780520249592. This
380 Southeastern Naturalist Vol. 6, No.4
Announcement and Call for Papers - 2008 Gopher Tortoise Council Meeting
October 3 and 4, 2008 at the Oceanside Inn and Suites, Jekyll Island, GA
Please join us for the Annual meeting of the Gopher Tortoise Council at beautiful
Jekyll Island, GA. The meeting will feature a special session on Friday of presentations
on Wildlife and Ecosystem Health, with confirmed presentations by Elliot
Jacobson, Sonya Hernandez Divers, Charles Innis, Steven H. Divers, Terry Norton,
John Maerz, Scott Connelly, Nancy Stedman, Lori Wendland, Matt Aresco, Kimberely
Andrews, and Greg Lewbart. Saturday, the scientific program continues with
contributed presentations and posters on any topic relating to the Gopher Tortoise and
the longleaf pine ecosystem.
There will be plenty of time for relaxing and socializing, and enjoying good food
and drink at a Low Country Boil Friday night and a barbecue Saturday night. Also, a
tour of the Georgia Sea Turtle Center will be offered Friday evening.
For more information and registration information, please visit the Gopher Tortoise
Councilʼs website: http://www.gophertortoisecouncil.org/events.php.
work is an impressive account regarding
the relationships and ethics embedded in
fair trade coffee, and the author engages
the reader as he evaluates the gains and
losses of fair trade for Mexican peasants.
It is a pioneering study of the variety of
fair trade movements, and a prospectus
for a more radical vision. This is a useful
study for those involved in market economies
and the international relationships
born out of global trade. It also provides
thoughtful alternatives to the status quo of
the World Trade Organization. J.E.
Raptors of Eastern North America. Brian
K. Wheeler. 2003. Princeton University
press, Princeton, NJ. 439 pp. $29.95,
softcover. ISBN 9780691134765.
Raptors of Western North America.
Brian K. Wheeler. 2003. Princeton University
press, Princeton, NJ. 544 pp. $29.95,
softcover. ISBN 9780691134772. These
two volumes provide species accounts
for 26 and 33 species, respectively. Each
includes details of the species’ plumage
and biology. Accounts are well illustrated
with numerous color photographs showing
various plumages of adults, subadults,
and juvenile birds, both male and female,
that are annotated with characteristics to
notice in each. Biological topics covered
include habitat, habits, feeding, fl ight,
voice, status and distribution, nesting,
and conservation. Range maps are large
and easy to read. A general glossary is
provided as well as separate glossaries for
anatomy and feathers, plumage and age,
and fl ying and perching. Hawk watchers
and bird watchers of all abilities will appreciate
these two volumes. C.R.
Charles Darwin: Geologist. Sandra Herbert.
2005. Cornell University Press, Ithaca
NY. 485 pp. $39.99, hardcover. ISBN
0801443482. Details the development of
Darwin as a scientist and in particular his
work as a geologist, with the implication
that, as well as standing on its own, his
geological background influenced his
later thinking in biology. Includes analysis
of the geological aspects of Darwin’s
voyage on the Beagle. Scholarly, drawn
directly from Darwin’s papers. Contains
extensive notes and bibliography. Useful
for scholars and those devoted to history
of science. S.O’M.
Book Reviewers: S.E. = Stephen Eddy,
J.E. = John Elliot, K.G. = Keith Goldfarb,
N.L. = Nancy Lovejoy, S.O’M. = Sarah
O'Malley, C.R. = Cathy Rees.