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184 Southeastern Naturalist Vol. 9, No.1
Received by the Southeastern Naturalist, Issue 9/1, 2010
Plants and Vegetation: Origins, Processes,
Consequences. Paul Keddy.
2007. Cambridge University Press, New
York, NY. 706 pp. $75, hardcover. ISBN
9780521864800. Plants make up 99.9 percent
of the world's living matter, provide
food and shelter, and control the Earth's
climate. The study of plant ecology is
therefore essential to understanding the
biological functions and processes of the
biosphere. This vibrant new introductory
textbook integrates important classical
themes with recent ideas, models and
data. The book begins with the origin of
plants and their role in creating the biosphere
as the context for discussing plant
functional types and evolutionary patterns.
The coverage continues logically
through the exploration of causation with
chapters, amongst others, on resources,
stress, competition, predation, and mutualism.
The book concludes with a chapter
on conservation, addressing the concern
that as many as one-third of all plant species
are at risk of extinction. Each chapter
is enriched with striking and unusual
examples of plants (e.g., stone plants, carnivorous
plants) and plant habitats (e.g.,
isolated tropical tepui, arctic cliffs). Paul
Keddy— winner of the 2007 National
Wetlands Award for Research—writes
in a lively and thought-provoking style
which will appeal to students at all levels.
This text describes the origin of plants
and their role in creating the biosphere,
is enriched with striking and unusual examples
of plant natural history, and integrates
classical themes with newer ideas,
models, and data. 367 illustrations and 81
tables supplement the text.
Meteorites: Their Impact on Science
and History. Brigitte Zanda and Monica
Rotaru (Eds.). 2001. Cambridge University
Press, New York, NY. 128 pp. $37.99,
softcover. ISBN 0521799406. What are
meteorites? Where do they come from?
Are they a threat? What are they made
of? How common are they? As centuries
have passed, our knowledge of these
extraterrestrial objects has advanced immensely,
and today, the scientific study of
meteorites provides a wealth of information
about the solar system. Meteorites
reveal clues to some of the greatest
scientific enigmas: the origin of life on
Earth, the mass extinction of species, the
nature and composition of asteroids, the
conditions during the formation of the
solar system, the dust from stars that died
long before our Sun formed. Written by a
team of experts, Meteorites is an accessible,
comprehensive guide that features
over two hundred full-color photographs,
diagrams and graphs. Look no further for
a wonderful introduction to these powerful,
yet mystifying, objects.
The Cambridge Illustrated Dictionary
of Astronomy. Jacqueline Mitton.
2008. Cambridge University Press, New
York, NY. 416 pp. $32, hardcover. ISBN
9780521823647. This lavishly illustrated
new dictionary written by an experienced
writer and consultant on astronomy provides
an essential guide to the universe
for amateur astronomers of all ages.
Around 1300 carefully selected and
cross-referenced entries are complemented
by hundreds of beautiful colour illustrations,
taken from space missions, the
Hubble Space Telescope, and other major
observatories on Earth and in space. Distinguished
stellar illustrator Wil Tirion
has drawn 20 new star maps especially
for inclusion here. A myriad of named astronomical
objects, constellations, observatories
and space missions are described
in detail, as well as biographical sketches
for 70 of the most luminous individuals
in the history of astronomy and space science.
Acronyms and specialist terms are
clearly explained, making for the most
thorough and carefully assembled reference
resource that teachers and enthusiasts
of astronomy will ever need.
2010 Noteworthy Books 185
Seed Dispersal by Bats in the Neotropics.
Tatyana A. Lobova, Cullen K.
Geiselman, and Scott A. Mori. 2009.
New York Botanical Garden Press, New
York, NY. 475 pp. $70, hardcover. ISBN
9780893275013. Bats play an important
ecological role as seed dispersers in the
New World tropics, a region with exceptional
and unique diversity of plants and
bats. This book provides a comprehensive
treatment of all known bat-dispersed
plants in the New World tropics and covers
a total of 549 species in 191 genera
from 62 plant families. This volume
places a special emphasis on the fl owering
plants and bat fauna of the relatively
undisturbed forests of central French Guiana.
In particular, detailed descriptions of
112 bat-dispersed species from that area
are beautifully complemented by color
photographs that will help other researchers
identify fruits and seeds throughout
the Neotropics. Going beyond merely
describing these species, the authors
compare and analyze the diverse traits of
plants dispersed by bats to reexamine bat
preferences of some fruiting plants over
the others, a phenomenon known as the
“bat-fruit syndrome”. The seed dispersers
too are given ample treatment here
with descriptions of the foraging ecology
and feeding behaviors of the thirty-seven
fruit-eating bats found in central French
Guiana. The monograph includes complementing
appendices that allow the reader
to determine all bat species reported to
feed on the fruits of a particular plant and
all fruiting plants in the diet of a particular
bat species. This book summarizes decades
of research on bat-plant interactions
from many parts of the Neotropics providing
a stimulus for further ecological
and evolutionary studies. It will serve as
a reference for anyone interested in conservation,
systematics, and plant-animal
interactions in tropical forests.
Foliicolous Lichenized Fungi. Robert
Lücking. 2009. New York Botanical
Garden Press, New York, NY. 868 pp.
$125, hardcover. ISBN 9780893274917.
This title is monograph 103 of the Flora
Neotropica series; it is the recipient of the
2008 Augustin-Pyramus de Candolle Prize
for Best Monograph, awarded by Société
de Physique et d’Histoire Naturelle de
Genéve (SPHN). Foliicolous Lichenized
Fungi treats an enigmatic group of organisms:
lichens that grow on living leaves
of vascular plants in tropical rainforests
of the New World. It covers more than 600
species (about 70% of all species occurring
worldwide) in more than 70 genera,
23 families, and 8 orders. Leaf-dwelling
lichens are unusual in that they are small
and have very short life-cycles, and representatives
can be found in almost all
major lineages of lichenized fungi. Up to
50 species can be found on a single leaf the
size of a hand, and up to 300 species within
a hectare of tropical rainforest. No other
lichen group exhibits such extraordinary
diversity. All taxa are keyed out and each
species is treated in detail, including photographic
illustrations and line drawings.
The book features a lengthy introductory
chapter covering the history of foliicolous
lichen research, morphology and anatomy,
taxonomy and systematics, evolution and
phylogeny, ecology and biogeography, interactions
with other organisms, and potential
applications of these tiny organisms.
Hypotrachyna. Parmeliaceae, Lichenized
Fungi. Flora Neotropica Monograph
104. Harrie J. Sipman, John A.
Elix, and Thomas H. Nash III. 2009.
New York Botanical Garden Press, New
York, NY. 179 pp. $48, hardcover. ISBN
978089327502. A total of 140 species of
Hypotrachyna (Parmeliaceae, Lichenized
Fungi) are recognized from the Neotropics.
This is well over 50% of the species
know worldwide in this primarily tropical
genus and includes 85 species thus far
known only from the Neotropics. Keys are
provided; synonymy, descriptions, secondary
chemistry, distribution maps, habitats,
and a selection of herbarium voucher
specimens are given for each species.
186 Southeastern Naturalist Vol. 9, No.1
Guide to Plants of Central French Guiana.
Part 4. Liverworts and Hornworts.
S. Robbert Gradstein and Anna Luiza
Ilkiu-Borges. 2009. New York Botanical
Garden Press, New York, NY. 140 pp.
$52, hardcover. ISBN 9780893275068.
Central French Guiana is a region covered
with lush tropical rain forests and
cloud forests, and is home to about fifteen
percent of the liverwort diversity
of tropical America. This book provides
illustrations, keys, and descriptions for
177 species, in 61 genera and 19 families,
of liverworts and hornworts recorded
from central French Guiana. It is the first
fully illustrated fl ora of liverworts and
hornworts for any part of the Neotropics.
This volume completes the series of comprehensive
plant identification manuals of
central French Guiana published by The
New York Botanical Garden Press.
Peat Mosses of the Southeastern United
States. Lewis E. Anderson, A. Jonathan
Shaw, and Blanka Shaw. 2009.
New York Botanical Garden Press, New
York, NY. 118 pp. $42, hardcover. ISBN
9780893275051. Sphagnum, commonly
known as peat moss, is widely used in
agriculture, horticulture, and floriculture.
Living plants are colorful and add
much to the beauty of wetlands. It takes
little training to recognize the genus, and
most of the sections are almost easy to
recognize. Yet they are scarcely noticed
by field botanists, and even bryologists
tend to avoid them; they have a reputation
of being taxonomically difficult but
this applies only to a subset. There are
few taxonomic treatments of Sphagnum
in North America, yet it is a fascinating
genus whose species comprise an integral
part of nearly all fresh-water wetlands.
Almost all significant critical taxonomic
characters are microscopic and require
dissections and staining, which can, with
a little practice, be easily self-taught.
Even with a moderate amount of field
experience, however, a novice can learn
to recognize sections and some species
in the field with certainty (although there
are many species that even experts cannot
distinguish without a compound microscope).
All field identifications need to be
confirmed microscopically. This volume
will aid those who venture into identifying
Turtles: The Animal Answer Guide.
Whit Gibbons and Judy Greene. 2009.
Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore,
MD. 184 pp. $24.95, softcover.
ISBN 9780801893506. Ever wonder
how many kinds of turtles there are? Or
if they have teeth? Why so many turtles
have yellow stripes on their neck? If it is
wise to feed turtles in your neighborhood
pond or lake? Whit Gibbons and Judy
Greene, two internationally known turtle
biologists, provide complete answers
to the most frequently asked questions
about the more than 300 turtle, tortoise,
and terrapin species of the world. From
the palm-sized bog turtles of the United
States to the great oceanic leatherbacks,
turtles across the globe are admired for
their persistence, patience, and resilience.
They are favorites of scientific study and
beloved pets throughout the world. With
a friendly mix of scientific analysis and
basic encyclopedic coverage, Gibbons
and Greene discuss a broad range of
turtle topics, including behavior, ecology,
reproduction and development, turtlehuman
relationships, and the appearance
of turtles in popular literature. With
attractive photographs and an intuitive
question—and—answer format, Gibbons
and Greene answer more than 100 common
questions about these remarkable
creatures. Readers who want answers to
specific questions or just want to expand
their knowledge about these unique and
interesting animals will find the information
they seek in this essential reference.
The Eponym Dictionary of Mammals.
Bo Beolens, Michael Watkins, and Michael
Grayson. 2009. Johns Hopkins
University Press, Baltimore, MD. 592 pp.
2010 Noteworthy Books 187
$65, hardcover. ISBN 9780801893049.
Just who was the Przewalski after whom
Przewalski's Horse was named? Or Husson,
the eponym for the rat Hydromys
hussoni? Or the Geoffroy whose name
is forever linked to Geoffroy's Cat? This
unique reference provides a brief look at
the real lives behind the scientific and vernacular
mammal names one encounters in
field guides, textbooks, journal articles,
and other scholarly works. Arranged to
mirror standard dictionaries, the more
than 1300 entries included here explain
the origins of over 2000 mammal species
names. Each bio-sketch lists the scientific
and common-language names of all species
named after the person, outlines the
individual's major contributions to mammalogy
and other branches of zoology,
and includes brief information about his
or her mammalian namesake's distribution.
The two appendixes list scientific
and common names for ease of reference,
and, where appropriate, individual entries
include mammals commonly—but
mistakenly—believed to be named after
people. The Eponym Dictionary of Mammals
is a highly readable and informative
guide to the people whose names are immortalized
in mammal nomenclature.
An Everglades Providence: Marjory
Stoneman Douglas and the American
Environmental Century. Jack E. Davis.
2009. University of Georgia Press,
Athens, GA. 816 pp. $20.97, hardcover.
ISBN 9780820330716. No one did more
than Marjory Stoneman Douglas to transform
the Everglades from the country’s
most maligned swamp into its most
beloved wetland. By the late twentieth
century, her name and her classic The Everglades:
River of Grass had become synonymous
with Everglades protection. The
crusading resolve and boundless energy
of this implacable elder won the hearts
of an admiring public while confounding
her opponents—growth merchants intent
on having their way with the Everglades.
Douglas’s efforts ultimately earned her a
place among a mere handful of individuals
honored as a namesake of a national
wilderness area. In the first comprehensive
biography of Douglas, Jack E. Davis
explores the 108-year life of this compelling
woman. Douglas was more than an
environmental activist. She was a suffragist,
a lifetime feminist and supporter of the
ERA, a champion of social justice, and an
author of diverse literary talent. She came
of age literally and professionally during
the American environmental century, the
century in which Americans mobilized
an unprecedented popular movement to
counter the equally unprecedented liberties
they had taken in exploiting, polluting,
and destroying the natural world.
The Everglades were a living barometer
of America’s often tentative shift toward
greater environmental responsibility.
Reconstructing this larger picture, Davis
recounts the shifts in Douglas’s own life
and her instrumental role in four important
developments that contributed to
Everglades protection: the making of a
positive wetland image, the creation of
a national park, the expanding infl uence
of ecological science, and the rise of the
modern environmental movement. In the
grand but beleaguered Everglades, which
Douglas came to understand is a vast
natural system that supports human life,
she saw nature’s providence.
The Art of Managing Longleaf: A personal
History of the Stoddard-Neel Approach.
Leon Neel with Paul S. Sutter and
Albert G. Way. 2009. University of Georgia
Press, Athens, GA. 224 pp. $27.97,
hardcover. ISBN 9780820330471. No one
did more than Marjory StonemanGreenwood
Plantation in the Red Hills region
of southwest Georgia includes a rare
one-thousand-acre stand of old-growth
Longleaf Pine woodlands, a remnant of
an ecosystem that once covered close to
ninety million acres across the Southeast.
The Art of Managing Longleaf documents
the sometimes controversial management
system that not only has protected Green188
Southeastern Naturalist Vol. 9, No.1
wood’s “Big Woods” but also has been
practiced on a substantial acreage of the
remnant longleaf pine woodlands in the
Red Hills and other parts of the Coastal
Plain. Often described as an art informed
by science, the Stoddard-Neel Approach
combines frequent prescribed burning,
highly selective logging, a commitment
to a particular woodland aesthetic, intimate
knowledge of the ecosystem and its
processes, and other strategies to manage
the Longleaf Pine ecosystem in a sustainable
way. The namesakes of this method
are Herbert Stoddard (who developed it)
and his colleague and successor, Leon
Neel (who has refined it). In addition
to presenting a detailed, illustrated outline
of the Stoddard-Neal Approach, the
book—based upon an extensive oral history
project undertaken by Paul S. Sutter
and Albert G. Way, with Neel as its major
subject—discusses Neel’s deep familial
and cultural roots in the Red Hills; his
years of work with Stoddard; and the
formation and early years of the Tall Timbers
Research Station, which Stoddard
and Neel helped found in the pinelands
near Tallahassee, FL, in 1958. In their
introduction, environmental historians
Sutter and Way provide an overview of the
Longleaf ecosystem’s natural and human
history, and in his afterword, forest ecologist
Jerry F. Franklin affirms the value of
the Stoddard-Neel Approach.
The Seaweeds of Florida. Clinton J.
Dawes and Arthur C. Mathieson. 2008.
University Press of Florida, Gainesville,
FL. 656 pp. $100, hardcover. ISBN
9780813031484. The product of nearly
thirty years of research, The Seaweeds of
Florida offers an invaluable, illustrated
reference to all known seaweed taxa found
in Florida coastal waters. This volume
will provide a helpful aid for researchers
in Florida as well as the Caribbean and the
southeastern United States. Authors Clinton
Dawes and Arthur Mathieson detail
the taxonomy, morphology, and cytology,
plus the ecology and distribution patterns,
of 674 species. In addition, they provide
keys to the genera and keys to species
within the genera, a glossary of difficult
terms, an explanation or derivations of the
scientific names, an impressive literature
compilation including sources for further
information, and excellent line drawings
for each species.
The Biology of the Xenarthra. Sergio
F. Vizcaíno and W.J. Loughry (Editors).
2008. University Press of Florida, Gainesville,
FL. 400 pp. $100, hardcover. ISBN
9780813031651. The Xenarthra are an
order of the mammals consisting of the armadillos,
anteaters, and sloths. The Biology
of the Xenarthra is the first authoratative
study of the Xenarthra in a generation.
The volume features an impressive group
of international scholars who explore the
current biology and ecological status of
these mammals in each of the geographic
regions they inhabit. Many of these populations
reside in developing countries, and
before now, information on these species
has been scarce. Topics cover a wide array
of issues including genetics, physiology,
behavior, ecology, and conservation.
Discussions range from paleontological
perspectives on xenarthran evolution to
both lab and field-based studies of living
species. Contemporary research in areas
such as genome sequencing and leprosy
in armadillos is also included.
Alabama Wildlife. Volume Two: Imperiled
Aquatic Mollusks and Fishes. Ralph
E. Mirarchi (Editor). 2004. University of
Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, AL. 256 pp.
$19.95, softcover. ISBN 9780817351311.
Comprehensive guides to the vertebrate
and invertebrate wildlife of the state.
The four volumes in this collection present
current, detailed information on the
known vertebrates, freshwater mussels,
and snails in Alabama. Volume 2, Imperiled
Aquatic Wildlife, and Volume 3,
Imperiled Terrestrial Wildlife, provide
a closer focus on the vertebrates and invertebrates
of special interest within the
2010 Noteworthy Books 189
state, many of which are rare and endangered.
These volumes contain expanded
species descriptions that include anatomic
features, more detailed habitat and distribution
information, and distribution
maps. Volumes 2 and 3 together provide a
detailed review of at-risk Alabama wildlife.
Two color photographs illustrate each
species to provide aids to visual identifi-
cation and range within Alabama. Entries
in these volumes also describe the factors
that place each species in danger.
Freeman and Custis Red River Expedition
of 1806: Two Hundred Years Later.
Symposium Proceedings. Laurence M.
Hardy. 2004. Museum of Life Sciences,
Louisiana State University, Shreveport,
LA. 368 pp. $20, softcover. The symposim
celebrating the 200th anniversary of the
Freeman and Custis Red River Expedition
of 1806 contained a mix of papers related
to the biology of the expedition and to the
history and sociology of the region. This
volume consists of 15 papers, including
three on botany and plant ecology, five on
zoology, six on history (and cartography),
and one of the native American culture.
the focus of the symposium was to relate
what Freeman and Custis found to our
present knowledge of these topics in the
Red River valley.
The North American Journals of Prince
Maximilian of Wied. Volume I: May
1832–April 1833. Stephen S. Witte and
Marsha V. Gallagher (Editors). 2008.
University of Oklahoma Press, Norman,
OK. 544 pp. $85, hardcover. ISBN
9780806138886. Made famous through
the paintings of Swiss artist Karl Bodmer,
the North American expedition of
German naturalist Prince Maximilian of
Wied in 1832–34 was the first scientific
exploration of the Missouri River’s upper
reaches since the epic journey of Lewis
and Clark almost thirty years earlier.
Maximilian’s journal has never been presented
fully in English—until now. This
collector’s-quality, oversized volume, the
first of a three-volume set, draws on the
Maximilian-Bodmer Collection at Joslyn
Art Museum in Omaha, NE. The North
American Journals offer an incomparable
view of the upper Missouri and its Native
peoples at a pivotal moment in the history
of the American West. This meticulous
account, newly translated with extensive
modern annotation, faithfully reproduces
Maximilian’s 110 drawings and watercolors
as well as his own notes, asides, and
appendices. Volume I, which covers May
1832 to April 1833, documents Maximilian’s
voyage to North America and his
first encounters with Indians upon reaching
the West. This is an essential resource
for nineteenth-century western American
history and a work of lasting value.
Amphibian Declines: The Conservation
Status of United States Species.
Michael Lannoo (Editor). 2005. University
of California Press, Berkeley,
CA. 1115 pp. $100, hardcover. ISBN
9780520235922. This benchmark volume
documents in comprehensive detail
a major environmental crisis: rapidly
declining amphibian populations and the
disturbing developmental problems that
are increasingly prevalent within many
amphibian species. Horror stories on this
topic have been featured in the scientific
and popular press over the past fifteen
years, invariably asking what amphibian
declines are telling us about the state of
the environment. Are declines harbingers
of devastated ecosystems or simply weird
refl ections of a peculiar amphibian world?
This compendium—presenting new data,
reviews of current literature, and comprehensive
what scientists have begun to suspect, that
amphibians are a lens through which the
state of the environment can be viewed
more clearly. And, that the view is alarming
and presages serious concerns for all
life, including that of our own species.
The first part of this work consists of more
than fifty essays covering topics from the
causes of declines to conservation, sur190
Southeastern Naturalist Vol. 9, No.1
The Southeastern Naturalist welcomes submissions of review copies of books that publishers
or authors would like to recommend to the journal’s readership and are relevant
to the journal’s mission of publishing information about the natural history of the southeastern
US. Accompanying short, descriptive summaries of the text are also welcome.
veys and monitoring, and education. The
second part consists of species accounts
describing the life history and natural history
of every known amphibian species in
the United States.
Alexander von Humboldt and the Botanical
Explorations of the Americas.
H. Walter Lack. 2004. Prestel, Munich,
Germany. 288 pp. $185, hardcover. ISBN
9783791341422. This lavishly produced
deluxe publication reveals never-beforeseen
botanical masterpieces from one of
history's great scientists and researchers.
Based on material collected during Alexander
von Humboldt’s historic expedition
to the Americas and Cuba—hailed by many
as the “scientific discovery of America”—
these intricate and delicately tinted prints
record his botanical findings as he traveled
through jungles, across rivers, and over
mountainous terrain. The illustrations
in the book give the English and Latin
names of the plants and are followed by an
exhaustive index. Published to coincide
with the 150th anniversary of Humboldt’s
death, this collection of botanical prints
contains works that have never been published
before. Internationally renowned
botanist H. Walter Lack lends his expertise
to a fascinating essay that discusses
Humboldt’s significant contributions to
the world of botany and scientific research.
Technically precise, the prints are equally
appealing to anyone who appreciates fine
art and botanical illustration.
Herbert Spencer and the Invention of
Modern Life. Mark Francis. 2007. Cornell
University Press, Ithaca, NY. 464 pp.
$45, hardcover. ISBN 9780801445903.
The ideas of the English philosopher
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) profoundly
shaped Victorian thought regarding evolutionary
theory, the philosophy of science,
sociology, and politics. In his day,
Spencer's works ranked alongside those
of Darwin and Marx in their importance
to the development of disciplines as
wide-ranging as sociology, anthropology,
political theory, philosophy, and psychology.
Yet during his lifetime?and certainly
in the decades that followed?Spencer has
been widely misunderstood. Both lauded
and disparaged as the father of Social
Darwinism (it was Spencer who coined
the phrase ?survival of the fittest?), and
as an apologist for individualism and
unrestrained capitalism, he was, in fact,
none of these; he was instead a subtle
and complex thinker. In his major new
intellectual biography of Spencer, Mark
Francis uses archival material and contemporary
printed sources to create a fascinating
portrait of a man who attempted
to explain modern life in all its biological,
psychological, and sociological forms
through a unique philosophical and scientific system that bridged the gap between
empiricism and metaphysics. Vastly infl uential
in England and beyond?particularly
the United States and Asia?his philosophy
was, as Francis shows, systematic and
rigorous. Despite the success he found
in the realm of ideas, Spencer was an unhappy
man. Francis reveals how Spencer
felt permanently crippled by the Christian
values he had absorbed during childhood,
and was incapable of romantic love, as
became clear during his relationship with
the novelist George Eliot. Elegantly written,
provocative, and rich in insight, Herbert
Spencer and the Invention of Modern
Life is an exceptional work of scholarship
that not only dispels the misinformation
surrounding Spencer but also illuminates
the broader cultural and intellectual history
of the nineteenth century.