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New Algal Species Records for Great Smoky Mountains National Park, with an Annotated Checklist of all Reported Algal Taxa for The Park
Jeffrey R. Johansen, Rex L. Lowe, Susan Carty, Karolina Fučiková Catherine E. Olsen, Margaret H. Fitzpatrick, Jennifer A. Ress, and Paula C. Furey

Southeastern Naturalist, Volume 6, Special Issue 1 (2007): 99–134

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1Department of Biology, John Carroll University, University Heights, OH 44118. 2Department of Biological Science, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403. 3Department of Biology, Heidelberg College, Tiffin, OH 44883. *Corresponding author - New Algal Species Records for Great Smoky Mountains National Park, with an Annotated Checklist of all Reported Algal Taxa for The Park Jeffrey R. Johansen1,*, Rex L. Lowe2, Susan Carty3, Karolina Fučiková1, Catherine E. Olsen1, Margaret H. Fitzpatrick1, Jennifer A. Ress2, and Paula C. Furey2 Abstract - Great Smoky Mountains National Park, which straddles the Tennessee– North Carolina state-line is a biologically diverse region which has recently become the site of an All Taxon Biodiversity Inventory, an effort to chronicle species diversity by documenting all species in all phyla present within park boundaries. As a result of studies within the last two years, we have added 415 new algal taxa records. With records reported in 2004, we now have documented a total of 1000 taxa in the park. This paper summarizes all algal species found to date. Introduction Great Smoky Mountains National Park (GSMNP) is the largest contiguous preserve east of the Rocky Mountains. Although settled and logged for many years, the Park has retained much of its diverse fl ora and fauna due to the rugged terrain and long period of protection since becoming a national park in 1934. The north–south orientation of the Park, its complex geology, elevational variety, and moist climate contribute to high species biodiversity. Because of the mountainous terrain, old-growth forest patches that have never been cleared for lumber still exist within park, and serve as pristine refugia for some species. In December of 1997, the All Taxon Biodiversity Inventory (ATBI) was undertaken to identify every species in every phylum present in the park (Pederson 1999). As of August 2001, 450 vertebrate, 2250 fungal, 2816 higher plant, and 4280 invertebrate species records had been documented in the Park (Sharkey 2001). Algal records were compiled and published by Johansen et al. (2004). The 585 taxa reported in that publication included historical published records, historical gray literature, and recent collection efforts. The historical literature for the algae in the Park is summarized in that publication. Other publications based on unusual records have since been published or have been accepted for publication (Casamatta et al. 2006, Johansen et al. 2005). 99 The Great Smoky Mountains National Park All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory: A Search for Species in Our Own Backyard 2007 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1:99–134 100 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 The purpose of this paper is to report all new records and to present the taxa in a more phylogenetic context based on recent systematic studies. Materials and Methods Efforts in recent years have focused on several habitats within the Park. As became clear in Gomez et al. (2003), moist aerial habitats in the Park (particularly seeps, wet rock faces, and waterfall splash zones) are especially rich in interesting species. We made special efforts to sample these habitats, and the habitats studied since the Gomez (2002) study are listed in Appendix A. The other understudied habitats were lentic, and included some small standing bodies of water in Cades Cove, as well as the northern shoreline of Fontana Lake, which contains the Park boundary in its deepest course. We studied both the littoral and pelagic zones of Fontana Lake. Other miscellaneous sites such as waterfalls, sinks and streams from less-accessable areas of GSMNP were sampled as well. Sites were found with the help of maps and guidebooks (Anonymous 1994, 1998). While in the field, all samples were divided into portions for fresh examination and preservation. A rough portion of each was transferred to polycarbonate bottles, preserved in 2% glutaraldehyde, and kept under refrigeration for the duration of the study. Diatom slides were made from all samples for future analysis. All taxa were examined and photographed using Olympus BX51, Olympus B-Max, and Zeiss Axiophot photomicroscopes with high resolution Nomarski DIC optics. Recently collected materials are still being used for continued study, but will eventually be deposited at the California Academy of Sciences (both preserved material and diatom slides). Images and drawings of most taxa exist and will be illustrated in several taxon-specific fl oras to be published at the conclusion of the study. Several diatom taxa, particularly those with structure too fine to discern in light microscopes, were also examined with a high resolution Hitachi HHS-2R scanning electron microscope (SEM) at Bowling Green State University (BGSU). Diatoms were cleaned in boiling nitric acid and air dried onto cover glasses. Each cover glass was mounted on a specimen stub, sputter-coated with 10 nm gold-palladium alloy prior to SEM analysis. Preserved samples that contained dinofl agellates were dehydrated in a graded alcohol series, critical-point dried, sputter-coated with gold-palladium alloy, then studied in the BGSU SEM microscope. Taxonomic determinations were made using standard references. For cyanobacteria, Desikachary (1959), Geitler (1932), Komárek and Anagnostidis (1999, 2005), and Starmach (1966) were the primary references for species, with generic assignments following the recent revisions of Komárek and Anagnostidis (Anagnostidis and Komárek 1985, 1988, 1990; Komárek and Anagnostidis 1986, 1989). References used for identifying green algae were diverse (Croasdale and Flint 1986, 1988; Croasdale et al. 1994; Dillard 1990, 1991a, 1991b, 1993; Ettl and Gärtner 1995; Komárek and Fott 1983; 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 101 Lokhorst 1996). Diatoms were also identified using a number of texts (Krammer 1997a, 1997b; Krammer and Lange-Bertalot 1986, 1988, 1991a, 1991b; Lange-Bertalot 2001; Lange-Bertalot and Metzeltin 1996; Patrick and Reimer 1966, 1975). For tribophytes and eustigmatophytes, Ettl and Gärtner (1995) was the primary resource. Placement of cyanobacteria in higher-level taxa follows Hoffmann et al. (2005). This new classification is based on sequence-based phylogenies as well as ultrastructural and morphological criteria. It represents a radical departure from classification schemes of the 20th century, but we concur with Hoffmann et al. (2005) that this system is superior. Placement of diatom taxa in higher taxonomic groups follows the system of Round et al. (1990). Placement of coccoid chlorophyte genera in higher-level taxa is problematic. We followed the scheme of Graham and Wilcox (2000), informed by a number of recent phylogenetic studies (Booton et al. 1998a 1998b; Friedl and Zeltner 1994; Hanagata 1998; Huss et al. 1999; Lewis 1997). Coccoid taxa known to belong in the Trebouxiophyceae were placed in the Trebouxiales. Coccoid taxa known to have directly opposite (DO) fl agellar ultrastructure, or belong to that clade based upon DNA sequence data, were placed provisionally in the Sphaeropleales. The Chlorococcales contains the coccoid taxa with the clock-wise orientation of fl agellar roots and those azoosporic taxa sharing sequence similarity with those species. Additionally, we found the ITIS website Catalogue of Life: 2005 Annual Checklist (http://annual. to be especially helpful in identifying higherlevel taxonomy and correct author designations. Results and Discussion With the combination of recent and older records, the park now has a total of 1000 algal species records (Appendix B): 190 Cyanobacteria, 108 Chlorophyta (Chlorophyceae, Trebouxiophyceae, Ulvophyceae), 137 Charophyta (Klebsormidiophyceae, Zygnematophyceae), 21 Dinophyta, 19 Euglenophyta, 1 Cryptophyta, and 5 Rhodoplantae (Cyanidiophyta, Rhodophyta). Kingdom Stramenopila (formerly synonymous with Heterokontophyta) included the following numbers of taxa in eight phyla: 3 Chrysophyta, 7 Synurophyta, 1 Prymnesiophyta, 1 Raphidiophyta, 16 Tribophyta, 2 Eustigmatophyta, 488 Bacillariophyta, and 1 Phaeophyta. These totals include 82 taxa (“sp.” or as “cf.” taxa) which could be recognized as distinct, but which could not be identified with confidence to species. All of these uncertain taxa are potentially new to science. In the process of examining the algae, we encountered one taxon that was morphologically similar to Merismopedia trolleri Bachman. However, the color and thylakoid structure were incorrect for that taxon (irridescent purplish pink), and we were able to subsequently identify this distinctive bacterium as Thiopedia rosea Vinogradskij (Appendix B). 102 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Since Johansen et al. (2004), we have found representatives of six phyla which were not reported previously. These include Cyanidiophyta, Prymnesiophyta, Raphidophyta, Phaeophyta, and Cryptophyta. With 16 phyla represented, the prokaryotic and eukaryotic algae demonstrate deep branching diversity. At this point, all existing freshwater algal phyla are represented within the park. The habitats with richest algal diversity in the park are the subaerial seeps and waterfall splash zones. We have found most of our taxa in these habitats. This may be due to the fact that the streams in the park are almost all high-gradient, thoroughly scoured, nutrient-poor streams with limited ecological variability. Algae in the streams and rivers are mostly tightly attached to the rocky substrate and are very patchy in distribution as well as difficult to sample (Chamaesiphon spp., Heribaudiella sp., and Achnanthidium are good examples). More collection effort in the streams could potentially yield more taxa. The park is especially depauperate in lentic habitats, and this may be the cause for the absence of some common cosmopolitan genera and species. Fontana Lake is the only lentic habitat of any size. A few marshes, a sinkhole, and a black gum swamp are the only other still-water habitats. We have not yet studied the algae of the soils or aerophytic dry habitats such as tree bark and rocks. The subaerial habitats will likely yield the most new taxa with the least collection effort. Johansen et al. (2004) predicted that Batrachospermum would be found within the park, and indeed it was. We are currently working on the identity of the species of this genus, which was found in two watersheds within the park. Other taxa receiving special attention are a new species of Draparnaldia (Johansen and Lowe, 2007), as well as three putative new species of Leptolyngbya (L. appalachiana, L. badia, L. nonconstricta). Fučiková (in press) found one new species of sacoderm desmid in her studies. Thomas et al. (in press) found 14 new records plus 6 new species of gomphonemoid diatoms. These latter taxa are also the subjects of Johansen et al. (in press B). Rexia erecta (Casamatta et al. 2006) is a new genus and species of cyanobacteria described from the park, and we have also discovered a new genus of centric diatom in the Thalassiosiraceae (Johansen et al., in press A), given the provisional name in this manuscript “Spicaticribra kingstonii.” These findings, as well as other new or rare taxa (Casamatta et al. 2006, Johansen et al. 2005), indicate that the Park is home to a distinctive algal flora that is worthy of preservation efforts. As we build the species record list, we recognize that some taxa in our list have been incorrectly identified by past workers. For example, Gomphonema rhombicum, G. ventricosum, and G. micropus were reported in the 1970s based on the literature available at the time, but now we recognize that the organisms that likely represented those reports are new species or at least species described more recently. We have removed some of these 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 103 records from the list, but where we are not reasonably confident of incorrect identification, we have left the names on the list. Readers can make their own judgement concerning records by examining the date of the reports (Appendix B). Johansen et al. (2004) made a number of new taxonomic combinations to refl ect more recent generic concepts in diatoms. One of these taxonomic corrections was actually made prior to 2004. Navicula mobiliensis var. minor Patrick was transfered and elevated to Luticola minor (Patr.) Mayama (Mayama and Kawashima 1998), and is an earlier synonym of Luticola naviculoides Johansen in Johansen et al. (2004). The latter name is thus invalid, and we publish the correction here. Acknowledgments This research was supported by the National Science Foundation (DEB 0315979) and grants from Discover Life In America. 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Johansen, J.R., J.P. Kociolek, and R.L. Lowe. In press A. Spicaticribra kingstonii, gen. nov. et sp. nov. (Thalassiosiraceae, Bacillariophyta) from Great Smoky Mountains National Park, USA. Diatom Research. Johansen, J.R., C.E. Olsen, R.L. Lowe, K. Fučíková, and D.A. Casamatta. In press B. Leptolyngbya species from selected seep walls in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Algological Studies. Keithan, E. 1983. Primary productivity and structure of phytolithic communities in streams in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH. 84 pp. Kociolek, J.P. 1982. The diatom fl ora (bacillariophyceae) of two streams in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. M.Sc. Thesis. Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH. 175 pp. Komárek, J., and K. Anagnostidis. 1986. Modern approach to the classification system of the Cyanophytes 2: Chroococcales. Algological Studies 43:157–226. Komárek, J., and K. Anagnostidis. 1989. 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Die cymbelloid Diatomeen, eine Monographie der weltweit bekannten Taxa. Teil 2. Encyonema part., Encyonopsis, and Cymbellopsis. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 37:1–469. Krammer, K., and H. Lange-Bertalot. 1986. Bacillariophyceae. 1. Teil: Naviculaceae. In Ettl, H., J. Gerloff, H. Heynig, and D. Mollenhauer (Eds.). Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, Germany. 876 pp. 106 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Krammer, K., and H. Lange-Bertalot. 1988. Bacillariophyceae. 2. Teil: Bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae. In H., J Ettl. Gerloff, H. Heynig, and D. Mollenhauer (Eds.). Süsswasserfl ora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, Germany. 611 pp. Krammer, K., and H. Lange-Bertalot. 1991a. Bacillariophyceae. 3. Teil: Centrales, Fragilariaceae, Eunotiaceae. In Ettl, H., J. Gerloff, H. Heynig, and D. Mollenhauer (Eds.). Süsswasserfl ora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2. 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Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 747 pp. Sharkey, M.J. 2001. The all taxa biological inventory of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The Florida Entomologist 84:556–564. Silva, H. 1949. Additions to the algae of the southeastern United States. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Science Society 65:90–109. Silva, H. 1953. Checklist of Tennessee diatoms to 1951. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 28:69–81. 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 107 Silva, H., and A.J. Sharp. 1944. Some Algae of the Southern Appalachians. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 19:337–345. Starmach, K. 1966. Flora Slodkowodna Polski, Tom 2. Cyanophyta, Glaucophyta. Panstwowe Wydawnicto Naukowe, Warsaw, Poland. 807 pp. Thomas, E.W., J.P. Kociolek, R.L. Lowe and J.R. Johansen. In press. Taxonomy, ultrastructure, and distribution of gomphonemoid diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) from Great Smoky Mountains National Park (USA.). Diatom Research. Wołowski, K., and P.L. Walne. 1997. Euglenophytes from the Southeastern United States I. Colorless species. Algological Studies 86:109–135. 108 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Appendix A. Sites for which algae are reported in this paper. Site code is followed by a short description of the site, with county and state. When multiple habitat types were sampled, the site code has a number for each habitat type. Descriptions are based on the topographic trail map of the park (Anonymous 1998). Code Site Collection sites sampled since 2001 (some additionally sampled earlier): ABB Andrews Bald Bog, below Clingmans Dome, Swain County, NC AC Abrams Creek, west end of park from Cades Cove to Chilhowee Lake, Blount County, TN ACT Alum Cave Trail, epilithic habitats between Arch Rock and Alum Cave, Sevier County, TN AF Abrams Falls, a large cascade in Abrams Creek, Blount County, TN ANT Anthony Creek, the easternmost tributary of Abrams Creek, Blount County, TN BIG Big Creek, aerial epilithic habitats in drainage, east end of park, Haywood County, NC CAD1 Cades Cove, iris fen, Bount County, TN CAD2 Cades Cove, sink hole, Blount County, TN CAD3 Cades Cove, bubbling spring, Blount County, TN CAT1 Cataloochee Road, waterfalls by side of dirt road, Longarm Quartzite, Haywood County, NC CAT2 Cataloochee Road, wet rocks by paved road, Basement Complex, Haywood County, NC CAT3 Little Cataloochee Trail, thick blue-green mat, Roaring Fork Sandstone, Haywood County, NC CAT4 Cataloochee Road, damp rocks along road, Basement Complex, Haywood County, NC CD1 Clingmans Dome, damp soil, Swain County, NC CD2 Clingmans Dome, damp rock, Swain County, NC CF Cataract Falls, damp rocks outside spray zone, Roaring Fork Sandstone, Sevier County, TN CHC Chasteen Cascade, Swain County, NC CRT Cooper Road Trail, wet rocks, Blount County, TN CS Cades Cove Sluice, Blount County, TN CHI1 Chimney Tops Trail, wet wall along trail Sevier County, TN FCF Flat Creek Falls, Swain County, NC FON Fontana Lake, reservoir along southern boundary of the park, Swain County, NC FON1 Fontana Lake, lakeshore trail along Eagle Creek arm, Swain County, NC GMT Gabes Mountain Trail, wet rocks, Cocke County, TN GRO Grotto Falls, small cascade in Roaring Fork watershed, Sevier County, TN HRR Heintooga Ridge Road, seeps and wet walls, Swain County, NC HWF Hen Wallow Falls, cascade in small tributary of Cosby Creek, Cocke County, TN 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 109 Code Site HWT Hen Wallow Falls Trail, seep before falls, Cocke County, TN IC Indian Creek Falls, eastern tributary of Deep Creek, Swain County, NC JWF Juney Whank Falls, Swain County, NC KC Kingfisher Creek, Blount County, TN LAU Laurel Falls near Elkmont, wet siliceous rocks, Sevier County, TN LCAT Little Cataloochee Trail, epilithon, Haywood County, NC LCF Little Creek Falls, Swain County, NC LCT Lower Mt. Cammerer Trail, subaerial habitats, Cocke County, TN LCR Laurel Creek Road, wet wall outside tunnel, Blount County, TN LFT Laurel Falls Trail, forest soil, Sevier County, TN LR Little River, Sevier County, TN LRR1 Little River Road, damp rocks along road to Cades Cove, Sevier County, TN LOW Lower Gap Trail, wet rocks along trail, Sevier County, TN MCP Methodist Church Pond, Blount County, TN MEI Meigs Creek, tributary of the Little River, Sevier County, TN MPT Middle Prong Trail, seep along trail, Thunderhead Sandstone, Blount County, TN NDT Noland Divide Trail, forest soil, Swain County, NC NEW1 Newfound Gap, wet debris, Sevier County, TN NEW2 Newfound Gap, stream below gap, Sevier County, TN NEW3 Newfound Gap, roadside drain on the road to the gap, Sevier County, TN NEW4 Newfound Gap, wet schist, Sevier County, TN NGR Newfound Gap Road, Sevier County TN to Swain County, NC OR Oconaluftee River, Swain County, NC ORG Oconaluftee River Gorge, wet rocks along road, Swain County, NC PK Purchase Knob, spruce tree, Haywood County, NC PTD Place of 1000 Drips, damp rocks outside spray zone, Sevier County, TN RAM Ramsey Prong, tributary of the Middle Prong Little Pigeon River, Sevier County, TN RAM1 Ramsey Cascades, cascade on Ramsey Prong, Sevier County, TN RFT1 Roaring Fork Trail, above site known as 1000 drips, Sevier County, TN RFT2 Roaring Fork Trail, Place of a 1000 drips, Sevier County, TN RFR Roaring Fork Road, damp rocks along road, Roaring Fork Sandstone, Sevier County, TN SF Spruce Flats Falls, Blount County, TN SGT Schoolhouse Gap Trail, damp rocks along trail, Metcalf Phyllite, Blount County, TN SL Sewage lagoons, Cades Cove, Blount County, TN TBF Toms Branch Falls, slime underneath overhang, Swain County, NC TMC Twentymile Creek Trail, wet rocks, Swain County, NC TW Twin Creeks, Sevier County, TN TWP Twin Creeks Facility, pool below spring house, Sevier County, TN WOS Whiteoak Sink, Blount County, TN 110 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Code Site Sites sampled only before 2001: APP Appalachian Trail, wet trailside rock, Swain County, NC BF Beech Flats Prong, the westernmost tributary of the Oconaluftee River, Swain County, NC BIG1 Big Creek, stream habitat, east end of park, Haywood County, NC BOW Bower Creek, a tributary of Forge Creek in Abrams Creek watershed, Blount County, TN BRA Bradley Fork, northernmost tributary of the Oconaluftee River, Swain County, NC CAC Cataloochee Creek, east end of park, Haywood County, NC CAD Cades Cove, unspecified habitats in Abrams Creek watershed, Blount County, TN CAN Cane Creek, small stream in northwest corner of park, Blount County, TN CC Cooper Creek, a tributary of the Tuckasegee River, Swain County, NC CH Camel Hump Creek, a tributary of Cosby Creek, Cocke County, TN CHA1 Charlies Bunion, gently fl owing water below site, Sevier County, TN CHA2 Charlies Bunion, wet rock at base, Sevier County, TN CHI Chimney Tops Trail, at trailhead, acidic soil, Sevier County, TN EC Eagle Creek, southern part of park, emptying into Fontana Lake, Swain County, NC FC Fighting Creek, tributary of the West Prong of the Little Pigeon River, Sevier County, TN FLA Flat Creek, eastern tributary of Bunches Creek, Swain County, NC GAT Gatlinburg, soil above town, Sevier County, TN GRE1 Greenbrier swimming pool, Sevier County, TN GRE2 Greenbrier, sluggish water near Hiking Club Cabin, Sevier County, TN GSM Great Smoky Mountains National Park, unidentified site. HAN Hannah Mountain Trail, rocks in swift stream, Blount County, TN HAZ Hazel Creek, southern part of park, emptying into Fontana Lake, Swain County, NC HUG Hughes Ridge-Bradley Fork Trail, trailside rock, Swain County, NC HU Husky Branch, tributary of the Little River above Elkmont, Sevier County, TN IGG Indian Grave Gap, north of Cades Cove, Sevier County, TN PIG1 Little Pigeon River, Middle Prong, near Hiking Club cabin, Greenbrier, Sevier County, TN PIG2 Little Pigeon River below Trout Branch, Sevier County, TN LRR2 Little River Road, unspecified habitat, Sevier County, TN MCB Madcap Branch, a tributary of Mingus Creek, Swain County, NC MOO Moore Springs Cabin, Gregory Bald, Swain County, NC MYR Myrtle Point, east of Mount Le Conte, wet rocks, Sevier County, TN PEC Pecks Corner, spring near Hughes Ridge Trail, Swain County, NC POR Porters Creek, tributary of the Little Pigeon River, Sevier County, TN ROU Round Bottom CCC camp, Swain County, NC SUG1 Sugarlands C.C.C. Camp, turbid stream above camp, Sevier County, TN SUG2 Sugarlands Mountain Trail near Mt. Collins, Sevier County, TN WP Walker Prong, below Newfound Gap, Sevier County, TN 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 111 Appendix B. Algal species observed in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Sources of each record are coded as follows: 1) Algal foray in May 1999; 2) Deason and Herndon (1989); 3) Flechtner et al. (2002); 4) Gomez et al. in May 2001; 5) Keithan (1983); 6) Kociolek (1982); 7) Lowe 1976–1977 studies; 8) Lowe and Kociolek (1984); 9) Makosky 1999–2001 study (unfinished thesis); 10) Silva (1949); 11) Silva (1953); 12) Silva and Sharp (1944); 13) Wołowski and Walne (1997); 14) Current NSF-funded study; 15) New taxon record, current NSF-funded study. 16) New taxon record from Thomas et al. (in press), which is simultaneously in press with this paper. Sites codes refer to sites in Appendix A. If a species was recovered in 5–7 sites, it is just listed as common; if it was in 8 or more sites it is considered widespread. Provisional names (i.e., new species names in manuscripts in press) are set off in quotation marks, e.g., Leptolyngbya “badia” and have no author listing. Taxon Source Sites Proteobacteria Gammaproteobacteria Chromatiales Chromatiaceae Thiopedia rosea Vinogradskij 15 SL Cyanobacteria (190 TAXA) Synechococcophycidae Synechococcales Chamaesiphonaceae Chamaesiphon confervicolus A. Br. 1 FLA C. incrustans Grun. 1 ANT C. incrustans f. cylindricus (J.B. Petersen) Kom. & Anagn. 15 LR C. minutus (Rostaf.) Lemm. 15 LCF C. polonicus (Rostaf.) Hansg. 15 LR C. rostafinskii Hansg. 12 SUG1 Merismopediaceae Aphanocapsa fusco-lutea Hansg. 15 CAT2, HRR, LCM A. grevillei (Berk.) Rabh. 12 LRR2 A. muscicola (Menegh.) Wille 4, 14 GRO, AF, SF, CAT1 A. testacea Näg. 15 SF Snowella lacustris (Chodat) Kom. & Hindák 15 MCP Synechocystis sp. 1 4 LRR1 Woronichinia naegeliana (Unger) Elenkin 15 FON Pseudanabaenaceae Geitlerinema splendidum (Grev. ex Gom.) Anagn. 15 MCP Heteroleibleinia purpurascens (Hansg.) Anagn. & Kom. 15 Common Homoeothrix janthina (Bornet & Flah.) Starm. 12 IGG H. juliana (Born. & Flah.) Kirchner 15 AC H. rivularis (Hansg.) Kom. & Kann 1 AF Jaaginema pseudogeminatum (Schmid) Anagn. & Kom. 15 HRR Leibleinia epiphytica Hieron. 15 LCF, LRR1, TBF Leptolyngbya angustissima (W. & G.S. West) Anagn. & Kom. 15 CAT2 L. “appalachiana” 4, 14 CAT1, CAT2 L. “badia” 4, 14 CAT2 112 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Taxon Source Sites Leptolyngbya cataractarum (Rabh. ex Hansg.) Kom. & Anagn. 15 CAT1 L. cebennensis (Gom.) Umezaki & M. Watan. 15 FCF, HRR L. compacta (Kütz. ex Hansg.) Kom. 15 FCF L. foveolarum (Rabh. ex Gom.) Anagn. & Kom. 4, 14 LRR1, SF L. cf. nana (Tilden) Anagn. & Kom. 15 HRR L. “nonconstricta” 15 CAT2 L. nostocorum (Bornet ex Gom.) Anagn. & Kom. 12, 14 CAT2, LRR2 L. ochracea (Thuret ex Gom.) Anagn. & Kom. 12 GRE1, POR L. subtillissima (Kütz. ex Hansg.) Kom. 4, 14 RFT1, CAT2 L. subtruncata (Voronichin) Anagn. 4 LRR1 L. tenuis (Ag. ex Gom.) Anagn. & Kom. 4, 12 CAD, GRO L. cf. truncata (Lemm.) Anagn. & Kom. 15 IC L. sp. 1 4 BIG L. sp. 2 4 BIG Pseudanabaena batrachospermorum (Skuja) Anagn. & Kom. 15 GRO P. frigida (Fritsch) Anagn. 4, 14 CAT1, HRR, JWF P. sp. 1 4 BIG P. franquetii (Bour) Bour. 15 SF Spirulina albida Kolkwitz 15 HWF Schizotrichaceae Schizothrix calcicola Gomont 15 AC S. lardacea Gom. 15 PK S. muelleri Näg. ex Gom. 12 LAU S. tinctoria Gom. 4 RFT1 S. vaginata (Näg. in Kütz.) Gom. 4 CAT2 Trichocoleus minimus (Frémy) Anagn. 4 CAT2 Synechococcaceae Anacystis marginata Menegh. 12 POR A. rupestris (Lyngb.) Drouet & Daily 12 LRR2 Aphanothece bachmannii Kom.-Legn. & Cronb. 15 FON A. bullosa (Mengh.) Rabh. 15 SL A. caldariorum P.G. Richter 15 LCM, SF A. castagnei (Bréb.) Rabh. 4, 14 AF, CAT2, RFT1 A. cylindracea (Gardner) Kom. & Anagn. 15 CRT A. naegelii Wartmann 4 LRR1 A. pallida (Kütz.) Rabh. 15 SF, TBF A. saxicola Näg. 1, 14 Common Gloeothece confl uens Näg. 1, 4 AF, BIG, CAT1, TBF G. fusco-lutea Näg. 4, 14 BIG, CAT1, LRR1 G. palea (Kütz.) Rabh. 4, 14 CAT1, LRR1 G. rupestris (Lyngb.) Bornet 4, 14 AF, BIG, RFT1 G. tepidariorum (A. Br.) Lagerh. 4, 14 Common Rhabdoderma sp. 1 15 AC Synechococcus elongatus (Näg.) Näg. 4 CAT1, RFT1 Oscillatoriophycidae Chroococcales Chroococcaceae Asterocapsa divina Kom. 15 SF Chroococcus cohaerens (Bréb.) Näg. 4, 14 BIG2, SF C. dispersus (Keissler) Lemm. 15 CAT2, HWF C. distans (G.M. Smith) Kom.-Legn. & Cronb. 15 HWF C. helveticus Näg. 4, 14 Common 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 113 Taxon Source Sites Chroococcus lithophilus Erc. 15 LRR1 C. montanus Hansg. 4 AF, CAT1 C. pallidus (Näg.) Näg. 4, 14 LRR1 C. spelaeus Erc. 15 SF C. tenax (Kirch.) Hieron. 4, 14 Common C. turgidus (Kütz.) Näg. 12 RAM1 C. varius A. Br. 15 GRO C. westii J.B. Petersen 15 SF, TBF C. sp. 1 4 AF C. sp. 2 4 BIG Cyanodictyon iac Cronb. & Kom 15 FON Gloeocapsopsis dvorakii (Nováček) Kom. & Anagn. 1, 14 AF, GRO G. magma (Bréb.) Kom. & Anagn. 4, 12, 14 CAT2, FCF, RAM1, RFT1 G. pleurocapsoides (Novaček) Kom. & Anagn. 15 SF G. sp. 1 4 LRR1, AF Cyanobacteriaceae Cyanobacterium cedrorum (Sauvageau) Kom. 15 CAT2 Cyanothece aeruginosa (Näg.) Kom. 15 GRO Entophysalidaceae Chlorogloeoa microcystoides Geitler 1 AF Hyellaceae Pleurocapsa minor Hansg. 4, 14 LRR1, CAT1 P. sp. 1 4 CAT2 Hydrococcaceae Hydrococcus rivularis Kütz. 15 AC, CAT2, SF Microcystaceae Gloeocapsa aeruginosa Kütz. 4 AF G. atrata Kütz. 15 CAT2, CHC G. rupestris Kütz. 4 RFT1, AF, BIG7 G. caldariorum Rabh. 15 SF, CAT2 G. decorticans (A. Br.) P.G. Richter 15 CAT2 G. haematodes Kütz. 15 CHC G. cf. novacekii Kom. & Anagn. 15 GRO G. punctata Näg. 15 CAT1 Microcystis aeruginosa (Kütz.) Kütz. 15 SL Xenococcaceae Xenococcus cf. yoniedae Umez. & M. Watan. 15 TBF Phormidiales Phormidiaceae Phormidium aerugineo-caeruleum (Gom.) Anagn. & Kom. 4 CAT1 P. autumnale (Ag.) Trevisan ex Gom. 12 NEW1 P. breve (Kütz. ex Gom.) Anagn. & Kom. 15 LRR1 P. caerulescens (Gicklhorn) Anagn. 15 SL P. chalybeum (Mertens ex Gom.) Anagn. & Kom. 15 CAT2 P. inundatum Kütz. ex Gom. 12 Common P. irruguum (Kütz. ex Gom.) Anagn. & Kom. 1 AF P. kuetzingianum (Kirchner) Anagn. & Kom. 15 SF P. cf. numidicum (Gom.) Anagn. 4 BIG P. papyraceum Kütz. ex Gom. 12, 14 Common P. cf. priestleyi Fritsch 4 RFT1 114 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Taxon Source Sites Phormidium puteale (Mont. ex Gom.) Anagn. & Kom. 12 GRE2 P. retzii Kütz. ex Gom. 12, 14 AC, BRA, POR, OR P. tergestinum (Kütz.) Anagn. & Kom. 15 SL P. uncinatum Gom. 12 WP P. versicolor Wartmann ex Gom. 12 POR P. sp. 1 4 BIG P. sp. 2 4 CAT1 P. sp. 3 4 CAT2 Porphyrosiphon martensianus (Menegh. ex Gom.) Anagn. 15 SF, FCF, FON & Kom. P. sp. 1 4 BIG Symploca muralis Kütz. ex Gom. 12 POR, ROU S. muscorum Gom. 12 LRR2 Symplocastrum friesii (Ag. ex Gom.) Kirchner 12 GAT Tychonema bornetii (Zukal) Anagn. & Kom. 15 MCP Oscillatoriales Oscillatoriaceae Oscillatoria anguina Bory ex Gom. 15 LRR1 O. engelmanniana Gaidukov 15 SF O. formosa Bory ex Gom. 1 ANT O. limosa Ag. ex Gom. 12, 14 GRE2, MEI, PIG1 O. rupicola Hansg. 15 CHC, HWF O. subbrevis Schmidle 4 GRO O. tenuis var. natans Gom. 12 IGG1 O. sp. 1 4 BIG O. sp. 2 15 SL Plectonema tomasinianum Bornet ex Gom. 12 IGG Nostocophycidae Nostocales Microchaetaceae Coleodesmium wrangelii (Ag.) Borzi ex Bornet & Flah. 1, 3, 14 LR, MEI Dichothrix willei Gardner 15 CD2 Hassallia byssoidea (Ag.) Hassall ex Bornet & Flah. 12 LRR1 Microchaete catenata Lemm. 15 IC Rexia erecta Casamatta et al. 15 CAT1 Tolypothrix distorta Kütz. ex Bornet & Flah. 15 FCF T. penicilliata Thur. ex Bornet & Flah. 15 LRR1 T. tenuis Kütz. ex Bornet & Flah. 15 SF T. sp. 1 4 BIG Nostocaceae Anabaena cf. cylindrica Lemm. 15 HWF A. oryzae Fritsch 4 CAT1 A. scheremetievii Elenkin 15 FON A. sp. 1 4, 14 CAT1, HWF A. sp. 2 15 HWF Aphanizomenon fl os-aquae (L.) Ralfs 15 FON A. ovalisporum Forti 15 FON Cylindrospermum maius Kütz. ex Bornet & Flah. 15 FON1, ABB, HWF Nodularia harveyana Thuret ex Bornet & Flah. 4, 14 HWF Nostoc commune Vauch. ex Bornet & Flah. 1, 4 GCD, AF N. epilithicum Ercegović 15 RFT1 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 115 Taxon Source Sites Nostoc humifusum Carm. sec. Harvey 15 CAT2 N. linckia (Roth) Bornet ex Bornet & Flah. 4 CAT1 N. macrosporum Menegh. ex Bornet & Flah. 15 SF N. microscopicum Carmich. ex Bornet & Flah. 4, 12, 14 Common N. paludosum Kütz. ex Bornet & Flah. 15 LRR1, HWF N. pruniforme Ag. ex Bornet & Flah. 1 FON1 N. punctiforme (Kütz.) Hariot 15 HWF N. sphaericum Vauch ex Bornet & Flah. 15 SF Trichormus ellipsosporus (Fritsch) Kom. & Anagn. 4 CAT1 T. variabilis (Kütz. ex Born. & Flah.) Kom. & Anagn. 12, 14 HWF, NEW3 Rivulariaceae Calothrix braunii Bornet & Flah. 4, 14 CAT2, FCF, HRR, RFT1 C. elenkinii Kossinsk. 15 IC, JWF C. fusca (Kütz.) Bornet & Flah. 4, 12 CAT1, LRR2 C. parietina Thuret ex Bornet & Flah. 12, 14 LMC, PIG2 C. spp. 4, 14 CAT2, ICF Scytonemataceae Scytonema crispum (Ag.) Bornet 15 SF S. figuratum Ag. ex Bornet & Flah. 12 LRR2 S. guyanense Bornet & Flah. 12 LRR2 S. cf. holstii Hieron. 4 GCD S. hyalinum Gardner 15 HWF S. ocellatum Lyngb. ex Bornet & Flah. 15 Common S. cf. pseudohofmanii Bharadw. 4 BIG S. cf. stuposum Bornet ex Bornet & Flah. 4 AF S. tolypotrichoides Bornet & Flah. 12 LRR2 Symphyonemataceae Capsosira brebissonii Kütz.ex Bornet & Flah. 15 JWF C. lowei Casamatta et al. 15 HWF Stigonemataceae Hapalosiphon fontinalis var. fischeroides Hansg. ex Forti 15 CAT2 Stigonema hormoides (Kütz.) Bornet & Flah. 1, 4, 14 AF, BIG, CAT1, CAT2 S. hormoides var. africana Fritsch 15 Common S. cf. mamillosum (Lyngb.) Ag. 15 HAZ S. minutum Bornet & Flah. 12, 14 HRR, RAM1 S. cf. mirabile Beck-Mannag. 15 TMC S. ocellatum (Dillw.) Thuret 15 TMC S. tomentosum (Kütz.) Hieron. 1, 4 AF, CAT2 Charophyta (137 TAXA) Klebsormidiophyceae Klebsormidiales Klebsormidiaceae Klebsormidium dissectum (Gay) Ettl & Gärtner 4 LRR1 K. elegans Lokh. 4 RAM1 K. fl accidum (Kütz.) Silva et al. 4, 14 GCD, SF, PK K. nitens (Menegh.) Lokh. 1, 4, 14 MEI, AF, HWF K. sterile (Deason & Bold) Silva et al. 4 LOW 116 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Taxon Source Sites Zygnematophyceae Desmidiales Closteriaceae Closterium acerosum (Schrank) Ehr. 15 LAU C. acutum (Lyngb.) Brèb. ex Ralfs 15 FON1 C. angustatum Kütz. 15 FON1 C. cynthia De Not. 15 CAD1 C. ehrenbergii Meneghini 15 MCP C. exile West & West 15 HRR C. fl accidum Delponte 15 MCP C. idiosporum West & West 15 CAD1 C. intermedium Ralfs 15 CAD1, IC, MCP C. lineatum Ehr. 1 MEI C. lunula (Müll.) Nitzsch 15 CAD1 C. macilentum Bréb. 15 MCP C. moniliferum (Bory) Ehr. 1 AF C. navicula (Brèb.) Lütkem. 15 MCP C. peracerosum Gay 15 FCF C. ralfsii Brèb. ex Ralfs 15 FON1 C. spetsbergense Borge 15 FON, FON1 C. striolatum Ehr. 15 CAD2 C. subscoticum Gutwinski 15 CAD1 C. toxon W.West 1, 14 AF, SF C. tumidulum Gay 15 CAD1, LAU C. tumidum Johnson 15 HRR C. turgidum Ehr. 15 MCP, CAD2 C. venus Kütz. ex Ralfs 15 FON Desmidiaceae Actinotaenium cruciferum (de Bary) Teil. 1 FLA A. cucurbita (Bréb.) Teil. 4 BIG, RAM1, CAT1 A. curtum (Bréb.) Teil. ex Růžička & Pouzar 4 BIG A. cf. palangula (Bréb.) Teil. ex Růžička & Pouzar 15 FON Cosmarium abbreviatum Raciborski 15 HWF C. asphaerosporum var. strigosum Nordst. 15 CAT1 C. blytii Wille 15 CAT1 C. caelatum Ralfs 15 CAT1, CD2, LCT C. costatum var. subhexalobum Boldt 15 GCD C. cyclicum var. nordstedtianum (Reinsch) West & West 15 CAT1 C. depressum f. minutum Heimerl 15 ACT, CD2, LAU, MEI C. exiguum Archer 15 GCD C. holmiense var. integrum Lundell 15 CD2, LRR1, SF C. isthmium var. horizontale Schmidle 15 MCP C. latifrons Lundell 15 CAD2 C. norvegicum Strøm 15 CAD1 C. ochthodes Nordst. 15 CAT1 C. pachydermum Lundell 15 CAD1 C. polygonum (Näg.) Archer 15 FON C. portianum Archer 15 MCP C. pseudoconnatum Nordst. 15 FON1 C. punctulatum Bréb. 15 CD2, HRR, MEI, SF C. pyramidatum var. stephani Irènèe-Marie 15 CAD1 C. quadrifarium f. octastichum Nordst. 15 LRR1 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 117 Taxon Source Sites Cosmarium quadratulum var. minus (Gay) De Toni 15 MCP C. quadratum var. willei (Schmidle) Krieger & Gerloff 15 HWF C. reniforme (Ralfs) Archer 15 CAT1, GCD, LCT C. speciosum Lund 15 CAT2, LCT, WOS C. subcucumis Schmidle 15 CAD1, CAT2, HWF, LCT C. subspeciosum Nordstedt 15 FON C. tetragonum var. lundellii Cooke 15 CAT2 C. transitorium (Heimerl) Ducellier 15 CAD1, CAT2 C. trilobulatum Reinsch 15 FON1 C. cf. turnerianum Mask. 4 LRR1 C. cf. undulatum Corda 4 AF Desmidium baileyi (Ralfs) Nordst. 15 FON1 Euastrum ansatum Ehr. ex Ralfs 15 CAD1 E. ansatum var. dideltiforme Ducellier 15 CAD1, CAD2 E. bidentatum Näg. 15 MCP E. binale (Turpin) Ehr. 15 CAD1, FON1 E. cornubiense West & West 15 GCD, LRR1 E. didelta (Turpin) Ralfs 15 MCP E. cf. dubium Näg. 15 CAD1 E. incavatum Joshua & Nordst. 15 GCD E. johnsonii West & West 15 MCP E. oblongum var. angustum Prescott 15 MCP E. sinuosum var. subjenneri West & West 15 FON1 E. verrucosum var. alatum Wolle 15 MCP E. verrucosum var. dalbisii f. minus Prescott & Scott 15 CAD1 Hyalotheca dissiliens (Smith) Brèb. ex Ralfs 15 MCP Micrasterias denticulata Bréb. ex Ralfs 1 CAD1, CAD2, FON M. johnsonii West & West 15 FON M. radiata Hassall 15 FON1 M. truncata (Corda) Bréb. ex Ralfs 4, 14 ACT, FON Nothocosmarium obliquum f. tatrica (Gutwinski) Cedergren 15 CAT2 Pleurotaenium trabecula (Ehr.) Näg. 15 CAD1, FON1, GRO, MCP Spondylosium planum (Wolle) West & West 15 FON Staurastrum cf. anatinum Cooke & Wills 15 FON S. bieneanum Rabh. 15 FON S. botrophilum Wolle 15 CAD1, GCD S. capitulum Bréb. 15 GCD, HRR, HWF S. furcigerum Brèb. 15 MCP S. cf. lanceolatum Archer 15 CAT1 S. lapponicum (Schmidle) Groenblad 1 FON1 S. leptacanthum var. borgei Förster 15 FON1 S. cf. manfeldtii Delponte 15 GSM S. meriani Reinsch 15 LRR1 S. novae-terrae Taylor 15 GSM S. pachyrhynchum Nordst. 15 FON1 S. pentacerum (Wolle) G.M. Smith 15 FON1 S. quadrispinatum Turner 1 FON S. rugulosum Bréb. ex Ralfs 15 Common S. rugulosum var. angulare Grönblad 15 FON1 S. setigerum var. pectinatum West & West 15 FON S. tetracerum 15 FON 118 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Taxon Source Sites Staurodesmus extensus (Anderson) Teil. 15 GSM S. triangularis (Lagerh.) Teil. 15 FON S. triangularis var. subparalellus (G.M. Smith) Teil. 15 FON Teilingia wallichii var. anglica (West & West) Förster 15 AC Tetmemorus granulatus (Brèb.) Ralfs 15 CAD1 T. granulatus var. attenuatus West 15 CAD1 T. laevis (Kütz.) Ralfs 15 Common Gonatozygaceae Gonatozygon kinahani (Archer) Rabh. 15 MCP Peniaceae Penium margaritaceum (Ehr.) Bréb. 1 AF, FON Zygnematales Mesotaeniaceae Cylindrocystis brebissonii Menegh. 4, 14 CAT1, HRR, LOW, MEI C. brebissonii var. minor West & West 15 CD C. spp. 4, 14 BIG, CD Mesotaenium caldariorum (Lagerh.) Hansg. 15 HWF M. chlamydosporum de Bary 15 CAT2, HWF M. degreyi var. breve West 15 CAT1, HWF M. endlicherianum Näg. 15 Common M. macrococcum (Kütz.) Roy & Bisset 15 Common M. macrococcum var. minus (de Bary) Compere 15 ACT, GCD, MEI M. “testaceovaginatum” 15 GCD, ABB Netrium digitus (Ehr.) Itzigson & Rothe 12, 14 CAD1, GCD, SUG1 N. interruptum (Bréb.) Lütkem. 15 CAD1 N. oblongum var. brevius W. West 15 Common Roya obtusa (Bréb.) West & West 15 AF Spirotaenia condensata Brèb. 15 CAD1 S. bryophila (Bréb.) Lütkem. 15 CAT1, FCF S. endospira (Brèb.) Archer 15 FCF S. minuta Thuret 15 GCD, HWF, SUG1 Tortitaenia obscura (Ralfs) Brook 15 CAD1, HRR Zygnemataceae Mougeotia viridis (Kütz.) Wittr. 15 CAD1 M. spp. 4 ACT, HWF Spirogyra pseudo-juergensii H. Silva 1 LRR2 Zygnema sp. 1 15 CAD1 Zygogonium ericetorum Kütz. 10 SUG2 Chlorophyta (108 TAXA) Chlorophyceae Chaetophorales Chaetophoraceae Diplosphaera chodatii Bialosuknia 15 CAT2, HWF, PK Draparnaldia acuta (Ag.) Kütz. 1 MEI D. appalachiana Lowe & Johansen 15 CAD3 D. platyzonata Hazen 10 RAM D. plumosa (Vauch.) Ag. 10 NEW2 Gongrosira sp. 1 15 AC Stigeoclonium aestivale (Hazen) Collins 15 SF 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 119 Taxon Source Sites Stigeoclonium attenuatum (Hazen) Collins 1 AF S. subsecundum (Kütz.) Kütz. 15 MCP Chlamydomonadales Chlamydomonadaceae Chloromonas clathrata Korsch. 15 LFT C. mirabilis Korsch. 15 NDT C. palmelloides Broady 15 LFT Chlorococcales Chariaceae Characium ornithocephalum A. Br. 15 GRO Chlorococcaceae Axilococcus clingmanii Deason & Herndon 2 CD1 Burkillia sp. 1 4 LRR1 Chlorococcum ellipsoideum Deason & Bold 4 BIG, CAT1, GRO C. cf. tatrense Archibald 4 AF C. sp. 1 4 LRR1 Dictyochloris pulchra Deason & Herndon 2 CHI Elliptochloris cf. bilobata Tschermak-Woess 4 ACT E. reniformis (S. Watanabe) Ettl & Gärtner 4 CAT1 E. subsphaerica (Reisigl) Ettl & Gärtner 4 CAT1 Ettlia cf. pseudoalveolaris (Deason & Bold) Kom. 4 LRR1 E. sp. 1 4 CAT1, GRO Lautosphaeria monsfumosa Deason & Herndon 2 CHI Lobosphaeriopsis sp. 1 4 LRR1 Schroederia setigera (Schröder) Lemm. 15 LRR1 Tetraedron minimum (A. Br.) Hansg. 15 CAT1, HWF T. planctonicum G.M. Smith 15 FON Trochiscia erlangensis Hansg. 15 GRO T. granulata (Reinsch) Hansg. 1, 14 AF, CHC, HWF, LMC Coccomyxaceae Coccomyxa confl uens (Kütz.) Fott 1 AF C. dispar Schmidle 12 RAM1 Nannochloris sp. 1 4 CAT1 Dictyosphaeraceae Dictyosphaerium pulchellum H.C. Wood 1 FON Gloeocystaceae Gloeocystis polydermatica (Kütz.) Hindák 1, 14 AF, CAT2, HWF G. vesiculosa Näg. 12, 14 CAT1, CAT2, HUG G. sp. 1 4 CAT2 Micractiniaceae Micractinium pusillum Fresenius 15 AC Microsporales Microsporaceae Microspora quadrata Hazen 15 NEW4 M. stagnorum (Kütz.) Lagerh. 12 CHA1 M. tumidula Hazen 12 GRE2 M. willeana Lagerh. 12 CHA2 120 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Taxon Source Sites Oedogoniales Oedogoniaceae Bulbochaete sp. 1 15 MCP Oedogonium pringsheimii C.E. Cramer 15 BIG O. punctatostriatum de Bary 15 FON Prasiolales Schizogoniaceae Schizogonium murale Kütz. 10, 12 APP, NEW Sphaeropleales Palmellaceae Palmellopsis muralis Bold & King 15 CAT2 Scenedesmaceae Bracteacoccus cf. minor (Chodat) Petrová 4 RFT1 B. sp. 1 4 LRR1 Coelastrum microporum Näg. 1 FON Crucigenia irregularis Wille 15 AC Elakatothrix gelatinosa Wille 15 FON Follicularia botryoides (W. Herndon) Kom. 15 CAT2 Planktosphaeria gelatinosa G.M. Smith 15 FON Scenedesmus abundans (Kirchn.) Chodat 4 RFT1 S. ecornis (Ehr.) Chodat 15 FON S. obtusus Meyen 15 FON S. protuberans Fritsch & Rich 15 SL S. quadricauda (Turp.) Bréb. 1 FON2 S. serratus (Corda) Bohlin 4 LRR1 S. soli Hortob. 15 HRR Scotiellopsis levicostata (Hollerb.) Punčoch. & Kalina 4, 14 CAT2, CHC, LMC, LRR1 S. terrestris (Reisigl) Punčoch. & Kalina 4 AF, CAT2 Tetrasporales Tetrasporaceae Tetraspora cylindrica (Wahlenb.) Ag. 10 RAM T. lubrica (Roth) Ag. 1 MEI T. lacustris Lemm. 1 AF Volvocales Chlamydomonadaceae Chlorogonium metamorphum Skuja 15 LRR1 Haematococcaceae Haematococcus lacustris (Girod-Chantrans) Rostafinski 15 CHI Volvocaceae Pandorina mora (O.F. Müll.) Bory 15 MCP, SL Trebouxiophyceae Microthamniales Microthamniaceae Dictyochloropsis reticulata (Tscher.-Woess) Tscher.-Woess 15 LCF Myrmecia cf. bisecta Reisigl 4 LRR1 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 121 Taxon Source Sites Microthamnion kuetzingianum Näg. 10 POR Stichococcus bacillaris Näg. 4 AF, CAT1, GRO S. fl uitans Gay 10 RAM1 S. minutus Grintz. & Péterfi4 AF, LOW S. subtilis (Kütz.) Klereker 12 POR S. scopulinus Hazen 12 PEC Trebouxiales Chlorellaceae Chlorella cf. assymetrica Mainx 4 RFT1 C. ellipsoidea Gern. 15 PK C. luteoviridis Chodat 4 BIG C. minutissima Fott & Nov. 4 AF C. vulgaris Beijerinck 4 LRR1 C. sp. 1 4 BIG, CAT1 Choricystis cf. chodatii (Jaag) Fott 4 CAT1 C. sp. 1 4 LRR1, CAT1, AF Oocystaceae Kirchneriella lunaris (Kirchn.) Möbius 15 AC Monoraphidium contortum (Thuret) Kom.-Legn. 15 LCF M. sp. 1 4 BIG Muriella decolor Vischer 4 LOW M. terrestris J.B. Petersen 4 AF M. sp. 1 4 ACT Nephrocytium agardhianum Näg. 1 FON Oocystis elliptica W. West 15 HRR, IC O. marsonii Lemm. 15 SF O. solitaria f. major Wille 4 LRR1 Oonephris obesa (W. West) Fott 15 BIG Pseudochlorococcum typicum Archibald 4 BIG Quadrigula closterioides (Bohlin) Printz 15 AC Ulvophyceae Trentepohliales Trentepohliaceae Epibolium dermaticola Printz 4, 14 RFT1 Trentepohlia aurea (L.) Martius 12, 14 MYR, SF Ulotrichales Ulotrichaceae Geminella terricola J.B. Petersen 4 LOW Radiofilum transversalis (Breb.) Ramanathan 15 MCP Ulothrix aequalis Kütz. 1 ANT U. implexa (Kütz.) Kütz. 15 FCF U. variabilis (Kütz.) Kütz. 4, 10 MOO, CAT1 U. cf. verrucosa Lokh. 4 ACT U. zonata (Weber & Mohr) Kütz. 15 FCF Cyanidiophyta (1 TAXON) Cyanidiales Cyanidiaceae Rhodospora sordida Geitler 15 LRR1 122 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Taxon Source Sites Rhodophyta (4 TAXA) Acrochaetiales Acrochaetaceae Audouinella hermannii (Roth) Duby 1 MEI Batrachospermales Batrachospermaceae Batrachospermum sp. 1 15 KC Lemaneaceae Lemanea fucina Bory 12 PIG, RAM Paralemanea annulata (Kütz.) Vis & Sheath 12 PIG, RAM Chrysophyta (3 TAXA) Ochromonadales Dinobryaceae Dinobryon bavaricum Imhof 15 FON D. sertularia Ehr. 1 FON Phaeothamniales Phaeothamnaiceae Schizochlamydella minutissima P. Broady 15 HWF Synurophyta (7 TAXA) Synurales Synuraceae Mallomonas caudata Iwanov 15 FON M. elongata Reverdin 15 FON M. guttata Wujek 15 FON M. pseudocoronata Prescott 1 FON M. transsylvanica Pérterfi& Momeu 15 MCP Synura spinosa Korshikov 15 FON S. uvella Ehr. 1 FON Prymnesiophyta (1 TAXON) Isochrysidales Derepyxidaceae Spongomonas intestinalis (Cienkowski) S. Kent 15 FON Raphidiophyta (1 TAXON) Chloromonadales Vacuolariaceae Gonyostomum semen (Ehr.) Diesing 15 MCP Tribophyta (16 TAXA) Mischococcales Pleurochloridaceae Ellipsoidion sp. 1 4 CAT2, NEW4 Taxon Source Sites 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 123 Monallantus stichococcoides Pascher 4 CAT1, RFT1 Monodus sp. 1 4 CAT1 Nephrodiella sp. 1 4 RFT1 Pleurochloris nanella Geitler 4 CAT2 Pleurogaster sp. 1 4 GRO Tribonematales Tribonemataceae Tribonema aequale Pascher 4 CAT2 T. bombycinum (Ag.) Derbes & Sol 12 Common T. fonticola Ettl 15 LRR1 T. minus (Wille) Hazen 15 HRR, LMC T. monochloron Pascher & Geitler 1 GCD T. spirotaenia Ettl 1 AF T. cf. vulgare Pascher 15 CAT1 Xanthonema bristolianum (Pascher) Silva 4 CAT1 X. sp. 1 4 LOW Vaucheriales Vaucheriaceae Vaucheria sessilis (Vaucher) DC. 10 SUG1 Eustigmatophyta (2 TAXA) Eustigmatales Eustigmataceae Eustigmatos magnus (J.B Petersen) Hibberd 4, 14 CHC, RFT1, LRR1 E. sp. 1 4 RFT1 Bacillariophyta (488 TAXA) Achnanthales Achnanthaceae Achnanthes coarctata (Bréb.) Grun. 5, 6, 14 Widespread A. harveyi Reim. 5, 6, 14 BF, HU A. helvetica (Hust.) L.-Bert. 15 CAT1 A. kraeuselii Choln. 6, 14 AC, CF A. lewisiana Patr. 6, 7 AC, BOW, CC A. lutheri Hust. 5, 6, 8, 14 BF, CH, HU A. reimeri Camb. 6 AC, BF A. rosenstockii L.-Bert. 15 JWF A. saxonica Krasske ex Hust. 5, 6, 7 Common A. stewartii Patr. 5, 6, 7, 14 Widespread A. subrostrata var. appalachiana Camb. & Lowe 5, 6, 7, 14 Widespread A. subsalsa J.B. Petersen 15 FCF, HRR A. ventralis (Krasske) L.-Bert. 6 AC Achnanthidiaceae Achnanthidium alpestre (Lowe & Kociol.) Lowe 5, 6, 8 Common & Kociol. A. defl exum (Reim.) Kingston 7, 14 BOW, PIG1, TW A. exiguum (Grun.) Czarn. 7, 14 Widespread A. exiguum var. heterovalvum (Krasske) Czarn. 5, 6, 14 AC, BF, CAT1, HWF A. microcephalum Kütz. 5, 6, 14 AC, BF, CH A. minutissimum (Kütz.) Czarn. 5, 6, 7, 11, 14 Widespread 124 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Taxon Source Sites Eucocconeis lapponica var. ninckei (Guerm. 7 CC, MCB & Mang.) Edl. Karayevia clevei (Grun.) Round & Bukht. 6 AC K. laterostrata (Hust.) Round & Bukht. 6 AC Lemnicola hungarica (Grun.) Round & Basson 9 EC Planothidium apiculatum (Patr.) Lowe 9 CAN P. biporomum (Hohn & Heller.) L.-Bert. 15 CAT1 P. conspicuum (A. Mayer) Aboal 15 IC, JWF, TBF P. dubium (Grun.) Round & Bukht. 5, 6 AC, BF, CH, HU P. fossile (Temp. & Perag.) Lowe 6 AC P. frequentissimum (L.-Bert.) Round 15 RFT1 & Bukht. P. haukianum (Grun.) Round & Bukht. 6 AC P. lanceolatum (Bréb. ex Kütz.) Round 6, 7, 12, 14 Widespread & Bukht. Psammothidium helveticum (Hust.) Bukht. & Round 5, 6 AC, BF, CH, HU P. marginulatum (Grun.) Bukht. & Round 6, 7, 14 Widespread P. subatomoides (Hust.) Bukht. & Round 5, 6, 7, 14 Widespread Rossithidium lineare (W. Sm.) Round & Bukht. 7 CC, MCB Cocconeidaceae Cocconeis diminuta Pant. 6 AC C. pediculus Ehr. 9 AC C. placentula Ehr. 7, 12, 14 Widespread C. placentula var. lineata (Ehr.) V.H. 5, 6, 7, 12 Common Aulacoseirales Aulocoseiraceae Aulacoseira alpigena (Grun.) Kramm. 9, 14 CAC, HWF A. distans (Ehr.) Simonsen 9 GCD A. granulata (Ehr.) Simonsen 15 FON Bacillariales Bacillariaceae Hantzschia abundans L.-Bert. 15 CAT1, HWF H. amphioxys (Ehr.) Grun. 7, 14 GSM, HWF H. vivax (W. Sm.) M. Perag. 15 LCM Nitzschia acicularis (Kütz.) W. Sm. 6 AC N. acida Camb. 6 AC N. acidoclinata L.-Bert. 15 HWF N. alpina Hust. 15 HWF N. amphibia Grun. 6, 14 AC, RFR N. balcanica Hust. 6 AC N. clausii Hantz. 6, 14 AC, MPT N. dissipata (Kütz.) Grun. 5, 6 AC, BF, HU N. dissipata var. media (Hantz.) Grun. 9 AC N. frustulum (Kütz.) Grun. 5, 6, 7 Widespread N. frustulum var. perpusilla (Rabh.) Grun. 7 TW N. gracilis Hantz. 6 AC N. hantzschiana Rabh. 15 HWF N. linearis W. Sm. 6, 14 AC, PTD, RFR N. microcephala Grun. 6 AC, BF N. monanestris Camb. 6 AC N. palea (Kütz.) W. Sm. 5, 6, 14 AC, CH, PTD N. perminuta (Grun.) M. Perag. 15 CAT2 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 125 Taxon Source Sites Nitzschia rectiformis Hust. 15 IC, JWF, LCF, TBF N. sublinearis Hust. 6 AC N. terricola Lund 6, 7 AC, TW N. tropica Hust. 6 BF Tryblionella acuta (Cl.) D.G. Mann 6 AC Cymbellales Cymbellaceae Cymbella affinis Kütz. 6, 12 AC, LRR2 C. aspera (Ehr.) H. Perag. 6 AC, BF C. cistula (Ehr.) Kirch. 6 AC C. cymbiformis Ag. 11 AF C. ehrenbergii Kütz. 12 BRA C. hauckii V.H. 6, 12 BF, BRA C. scotica W. Sm. 12 BRA C. tumida (Bréb. ex Kütz.) V.H. 6, 12 AC, LRR2 C. turgidula Grun. 9 AC Cymbopleura gondwana L.-Bert. et al. 15 FCF, HRR C. naviculiformis (Auersw.) Kramm. 6, 7, 12, 14 AC, BF, BRA, MCB C. rupicola (Grunow) Kramm. 15 WOS Encyonema hebridicum Grun. ex Cl. 11 AF E. lunatum (W. Sm.) V.H. 7, 14 Widespread E. minutiforme Kramm. 15 HWF E. minutum (Hilse) D.G. Mann 5, 6, 7, 12, 14 Widespread E. neogracile Kramm. 15 FCF, HRR, IC E. neomesianum Kramm. 5, 7, 14 Common E. perpusillum (A. Cl.) D.G. Mann 6 AC, BF E. procerum Kramm. 15 CAT1 E. prostratum (Berk.) Kütz. 6, 12 AC, FIG E. schneideri Kramm. 15 FCF, HRR, JWF, LCM E. silesiacum (Bleisch) D.G. Mann 9, 14 Common E. silesiacum var. distinctepunctata Kramm. 15 Common E. simile Kramm. 15 IC, LCF, TBF E. vulgare Kramm. 15 HWF Encyonopsis microcephala (Grun.) Kramm. 9 CAC Placoneis abiskoensis (Hust.) L.-Bert. & Metzelt. 6 BF P. anglica (Ralfs) Cox 11, 14 AF, LCM, TBF P. clementis (Grun.) Cox 6 AC P. elginensis (Greg.) Cox 6, 7 AC, BF, IC P. lata (M. Perag.) Lowe 6 AC P. neglecta (Krasske) Lowe 6 AC, BF P. gastrum (Ehr.) Mereschkowsky 6, 7 BF, IC P. paraelginensis L.-Bert. 15 LCM Gomphonemataceae Gomphoneis minuta (Stone) Kociol. & Stoerm. 6 AC G. olivacea (Hornemann) Ross & Sims 16 KC Gomphonema acuminatum Ehr. 6, 7 AC, CC, IC G. acuminatum var. pusillum Grunow 16 CAT1, KC G. affine Kütz. 7 TW G. affine var. insigne (Greg.) Andrews 7 IC, TW, LCAT G. anglicum Ehr. 16 CAD3 G. angustatum (Kütz.) Rabh. 5, 6, 7, 14 Widespread G. angustatum var. obtusatum (Kütz.) Grun. 9 HWF G. apicatum Ehr. 16 AC 126 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Taxon Source Sites Gomphonema augur Ehr. 16 AC G. brasiliense Grun. 5, 6 AC, CH, HU G. christensenii Lowe & Kociol. 8, 14 Widespread G. commutatum Grun. 16 Common G. consector Hohn & Hellerm. 7 CC, IC G. coronatum Ehr. 16 AC G. dichotomum Kütz. 7 Common G. freesei Lowe & Kociol. 8, 14 Widespread G. gibba Wall. 9 AC G. gracile Ehr. 6, 7, 14 Widespread G. gracile var. naviculoides (W. Sm.) Grun. 11, 12 RAM1 G. grunowii Patr. 11, 12 RAM1 G. intricatum Kütz. 9 CAC G. intricatum var. vibrio (Ehr.) Cl. 9 BIG1 G. instabilis Hohn & Hellerman 16 LCAT G. laticollum Reichardt 16 MEI G. mehleri Camb. 6, 14 AC, IC G. cf. micropus 9, 14 EC, HWF G. minutum (Ag.) Ag. 15 Widespread G. montanum Schumann 16 Widespread G. parvulum Kütz. 5, 6, 7, 14 Widespread G. procerum Reichardt & L.-Bert. 16 HWF G. puiggarianum Grun. 7 BOW, FC, RAM, TW G. pygmaeum Kociol. & Stoerm. 16 Widespread G. reimeri Camb. 16 AC, TMC G. rhombicum Fricke 9 HAZ G. sphaerophorum Ehr. 6, 12 AC, LRR2 G. subclavatum (Grun.) Grun. 6, 7, 14 Common G. subclavatum var. mexicanum Grun. 9 BIG1 G. tenellum Kütz. 7 Common G. truncatum Ehr. 7, 11, 14 Common G. truncatum var. capitatum (Ehr.) Patr. 9, 11, 12 CAN, LRR2 G. truncatum var. cuneatum (Fricke) Camb. 7 GSM G. turgidum Ehr. 16 AC G. ventricosum Greg. 11 AF Gomphosphenia sp. 1 16 CAT1, RFT2 Reimeria sinuata (Greg.) Kociol. & Stoerm. 6 AC, BOW, BF Rhoicospheniaceae Rhoicosphenia abbreviata (Ag.) L.-Bert. 6 AC Eunotiales Eunotiaceae Eunotia arcus Ehr. 7 CC E. bidens Ehr. 5, 6, 7, 14 Common E. bidentula W. Sm. 9 POR E. bigibba Kütz. 15 Widespread E. billii Lowe & Kociol. 8, 14 Widespread E. bilunaris (Ehr.) Mills 15 Common E. braendlei L.-Bdert. & Werum 15 TWP E. curtagrunowii Nörpel-Sch. & L.-Bert. 15 Common E. curvata (Kütz.) Lagerst. 5, 6, 7, 14 Widespread E. diodon Ehr. 6, 7, 14 Common E. elegans Østr. 5, 6, 7 Common E. exigua (Bréb. ex Kütz.) Rabh. 5, 6, 7, 12, 14 Widespread 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 127 Taxon Source Sites Eunotia exigua cf. var. bidens Hust. 15 FCF, HRR, HWF, LCM E. fallax A. Cl. 7 IC E. fl exuosa (Bréb.) Kütz. 9 CAN E. formica Ehr. 5, 6, 14 Widespread E. glacialis Meist. 6, 14 AC, BF, CAT1 E. hexaglyphis Ehr. 9 AC E. incisa Gregory 5, 6, 14 BF, CH E. indica Grun. 7 FC, TW E. infl ata (Grun.) Nörpel & L.-Bert. 7 GSM E. intermedia (Krasske) Nörpel-Sch. & L.-Bert. 15 CAT1 E. lunaris (Ehr.) Grun. 12 BRA E. lunaris var. capitata (Grun.) Schönfeldt 15 GMT E. maior (W. Sm.) Rabh. 7 IC, CC, MCB E. meisteri var. bidens Hust. 7 CC E. microcephala Krasske 12, 14 BRA, CAD2, LRR2, RAM E. minor (Kütz.) Grun. 5, 6, 7, 14 Widespread E. monodon Ehr. 15 CAT1, HWF, IC, LCM E. monodon var. bidens (Greg.) Hust. 7, 14 GSM, HRR E. muscicola Krasske 15 LAU E. muscicola var. tridentula Nörpel & L.-Bert. 15 Widespread E. naegeli Migula 9 CAN E. nymanniana Grun. 15 Widespread E. paludosa Grun. 15 LCF, LCM, TBF E. pectinalis (Kütz.) Rabh. 9, 14 Widespread E. perpusilla Grun. 5, 6 Widespread E. pirla Carter & Flower 15 Common E. praerupta Ehr. 7, 14 Widespread E. rhomboidea Hust. 5, 6, 7, 14 Widespread E. septentrionalis Østr. 9 BIG1 E. serra Ehr. 7 PIG1 E. siolii Hust. 15 FCF E. soleirolii (Kütz.) Rabh. 5, 6 BF, CH, HU E. subarcuatoides Alles, Nörpel & L.-Bert. 15 FCF E. suecica A. Cl. 6, 7 AC, BF, RAM E. sudetica O. Müll. 9 CAN E. tenella (Grun.) Cl. 9, 14 CAN, CAT1 E. valida Hust. 9, 14 BIG1, CAT1, HWF E. vanheurckii var. intermedia (Krasske ex Hust.) Patr. 6, 12 BF, RAM E. variundulata Nörpel-Sch. & L.-Bert. 15 Common E. cf. yanomami Metzelt. & L.-Bert. 15 HWF E. zasuminensis (Cabejsz.) Körner 15 FON E. cf. zygodon Ehr. 15 HWF Fragilariales Fragilariaceae Asterionella formosa Hassall 1, 9 FON Diatoma mesodon (Ehr.) Kütz. 5, 6, 7, 12, 14 Widespread Diatoma vulgare Bory 9 HAZ Fragilaria capucina Desmaz. 15 HWF F. crotonensis Kitton 9 FON F. socia (Wall.) L.-Bert. 9 HAZ F. vaucheriae (Kütz.) J.B. Petersen 6, 7, 14 Widespread Fragilariaforma hungarica var. tumida (Cl.-Eul.) Hamil. 15 FCF F. virescens (Ralfs) Will. & Round 6, 7, 12, 14 Widespread 128 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Taxon Source Sites Fragilariaforma virescens var. capitata (Østr.) Czarn. 12, 14 BRA, HWF Hannaea arcus (Ehr.) Patr. 6, 7 BOW, BF H. arcus var. amphioxys (Rabh.) Patr. 6, 7 BOW, BF Martyana martyi (Hérib.) Round 6 AC Meridion alansmithii Brandt 15 Widespread M. circulare (Grev.) Ag. 5, 6, 7, 12, 14 Widespread M. circulare var. constrictum (Ralfs) V.H. 5, 6 AC, BF, CH, HU Pseudostaurosira brevistriata (Grun.) Will. & Round 6 AC Staurosirella leptostauron (Ehr.) Will. & Round 6, 11 AC, AF S. leptostauron var. dubia (Grun.) Edl. 6 AC S. pinnata (Ehr.) Will. & Round 6 AC Synedra acus var. angustissima Grun. 9 FON S. amphicephala Kütz. 15 HWF S. delicatissima W. Sm. 6 AC S. famelica Kütz. sensu Patr. & Reim. 15 HWF S. parasitica (W. Sm.) Hust. 6 AC S. rumpens Kütz. 7, 14 Widespread S. rumpens var. familiaris (Kütz.) Grun. 11, 12 LRR2 S. rumpens var. fragilariodes Grun. 9 EC S. rumpens var. scotica Grun. 9 BIG1 S. ulna (Nitzsch) Ehr. 6, 7, 12, 14 Widespread S. ulna var. contracta Østr. 6, 9, 11 AC, BF, BIG1, HAN S. ulna var. oxyrhynchus f. mediocontracta (Forti) Hust. 9, 12 EC, HAN S. ulna var. ramesii (Hérib. & Perag.) Hust. 12 FC, LRR2 Melosirales Melosiraceae Melosira dickiei (Thwaites) Kütz. 15 Common M. varians Ag. 6, 12, 14 AC, BF, PTD, SGT Naviculales Amphipleuraceae Amphipleura pellucida (Kütz.) Kütz. 6 AC Frustulia amosseana L.-Bert. 15 LRR1 F. amphipleuroides (Grun.) Cl.-Euler 5, 6, 7, 12, 14 Widespread F. crassinervia (Bréb.) L.-Bert. & Kramm. 6, 7, 12, 14 Widespread F. rhomboides (Ehr.) De Toni Varieties are old names 6, 7, 14 Widespread F. saxonica Rabh. 5, 6, 7 BF, CH, HU, IC F. saxonica var. capitata A. Mayer 5, 6 AC, BF, CH F. vulgaris (Thwaites) De Toni 6, 7, 12, 14 Widespread F. weinholdii Hust. 6, 7, 14 Widespread Brachysiraceae Brachysira brebissonii Ross 6, 7, 14 Common Brachysira vitrea (Grun.) Ross 6, 7 Common Cavinulaceae Cavinula cocconeiformis (Greg. ex Grev.) D.G. Mann 6, 7 Common & Stickle C. jaernefeltii (Hust.) D.G. Mann & Stickle 15 FCF C. lapidosa (Krasske) L.-Bert. 15 Common C. weinzierlii (Schimanski) Czarnecki 15 HRR, LCM C. sp. 1 15 HWF C. sp. 2 15 HWF 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 129 Taxon Source Sites Diadesmidaceae Diadesmis brekkaensis (Petersen) D.G. Mann 15 CHC, LCM D. biscutella L.-Bert. 15 Common D. contenta (Grun.) D.G. Mann 5, 6, 7, 14 Widespread D. laevissima (Cl.) D.G. Mann 15 CAT4 D. paracontenta L.-Bert. & Werum 15 Common D. paracontenta ssp. magisconcava L.-Bert. 15 Common D. perpusilla (Grun.) D.G. Mann 5, 6, 7, 14 Widespread Luticola acidoclinata L.-Bert. 15 JWF L. cohnii (Hilse) D.G. Mann 7 CC L. goeppertiana (Bleisch) D.G. Mann 7, 14 Common L. minor (Patr.) Mayama 6 AC L. mutica (Kütz.) D.G. Mann 6 AC, BF L. muticoides (Hust.) D.G. Mann 6, 14 AC, CHC, FCF, TBF L. saxophila (Bock ex Hust.) D.G. Mann 15 CAT1, HWF L. stigma (Patr.) Johansen 9 CAT1 L. terminata (Hust.) Johansen 6 BF L. terminata var. rostrata (Krasske) Johansen 5, 6, 8 AC, BF, CH Diploneidaceae Diploneis elliptica (Kütz.) Cl. 6, 7, 14 Common D. fusca (Greg.) Cl. 7 IC, CC, MCB D. marginestriata Hust. 6 AC D. oblongella (Näg. ex Kütz.) Ross 6 AC D. ovalis (Hilse) Cleve 15 CAT1, CAT4, CF D. petersenii Hustedt 15 LCR D. smithii var. dilatata (Perag.) Boyer 9, 14 GRO, HWF D. sp.1 15 GRO, HWF Naviculaceae Adlafia suchlandtii (Hust.) L.-Bert. 6, 8, 14 AC, BF Chamaepinnularia begeri (Krasske) L.-Bert. 6, 14 AC, CAT1, HRR C. margaritacea (Hust.) L.-Bert. 6 BF C. mediocris (Krasske) L.-Bert. 6, 7, 14 Widespread C. soehrensis var. hassiaca (Krasske) L.-Bert. 6, 7, 14 Widespread C. vyvermanii L.-Bert. & Kramm. 15 TBF Decussata placenta (Ehr.) L.-Bert. & Metzelt. 5, 6, 7, 12, 14 Widespread Fistulifera saprophila (L.-Bert. & Bonik) L.-Bert. 6 AC Geissleria decussis (Østrup) L.-Bert. & Metzelt. 5, 6, 12 Common G. lateropunctata (Wall.) Potapova & Winter 9 POR G. paludosa (Hust.) L.-Bert. & Metzelt. 6 AC G. subdecussis (Hust.) L.-Bert. 15 HWF Hippodonta capitata (Ehr.) Lange-Bert., Metzelt. & Witk. 6 AC H. hungarica (Grun.) Lange-Bert., Metzelt. & Witk. 6 AC Microcostatus krasskei (Hust.) Johansen & Sray 5, 6, 14 Widespread Navicula abiskoensis Hust. 15 CAT4 Navicula amphiceropsis L.-Bert. & Rumr. 6 AC N. angusta Grun. 5, 6, 7, 12, 14 Widespread N. arvensis Hust. 9, 14 Common N. bicephala Hust. 6 AC, BF N. cincta (Ehr.) Ralfs 9 BIG1 N. cryptocephala Kütz. 6, 7 AC, BF, CC N. cryptotenella L.-Bert. 6, 7, 9, 12 Common N. digna Hust. 15 JWF N. erifuga L.-Bert. 9 CAD N. globosa Meist. 6 AC 130 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Taxon Source Sites Navicula gottlandica Grun. 9 POR N. graciloides A. Mayer 6 AC N. gregaria Donk. 6 AC N. hambergii Hust. 6, 14 Common N. hasta Pant. 6, 8 AC N. keeleyi Patr. 15 Widespread N. lanceolata (Ag.) Kütz. 7 MCB N. leistikowii L.-Bert. 15 Common N. notha Wall. 7 IC N. paratunkae J.B. Petersen 6 AC N. phyllepta Kütz. 15 JWF, TBF N. pseudoarvensis Hust. 6 AC N. pseudofrickia Patr. 7 IC N. radiosa Kütz. 9 AC N. recens L.-Bert. 9 HAZ N. rhynchocephala Kütz. 6, 12 AC N. salinarum var. intermedia (Grun.) Cl. 6 AC N. schmassmannii Hust. 6 BF N. schroeteri var. escambia Patr. 6 AC N. simula Patr. 7 CC, MCB N. stroemii Hust. 15 CHI1, WOS N. tantula Hust. 7, 14 HWF, MCB N. tenuicephala Hust. 6 AC N. tripunctata (O. Müll.) Bory 6 AC N. trivialis L.-Bert. 6 AC N. upsaliensis (Grun.) Perag. 7 CC N. venerabilis Hohn & Hellerm. 7 IC N. veneta Kütz. 6, 7, 12 AC, BF, IC N. viridulacalcis L.-Bert. 6 AC N. viridula var. linearis Hust. 6 AC N. viridula var. rostellata (Kütz.) Cl. 6 AC N. wallacei Reim. 6 AC N. yorkensis Camb. 6 AC Nupela deformis L.-Bert. 15 HRR, JWF N. neglecta Pon., Lowe & Potapova 15 Widespread N. tristis (Krasske) L.-Bert. 15 LCM N. wellneri (L.-Bert.) L.-Bert. 15 Widespread Neidiaceae Neidium affine (Ehr.) Pfitzer 6 BF Neidium affine var. amphirhynchus (Ehr.) Cl. 9 CAD N. affine var. longiceps (Greg.) Cl. 6 AC N. alpinum Hust. 6, 14 AC, FCF N. ampliatum (Ehr.) Kramm. 9 AC, FCF N. binode (Ehr.) Hust. 6 AC N. bisulcatum (Lagerst.) Cl. 6, 7, 14 Common N. bisulcatum var. subundulatum (Grun.) Reim. 6 BF N. dubium (Ehr.) Cl. 6, 14 BF, FCF N. hankensis Skvortz. 6 AC N. hercynicum f. subrostratum Wall. 9 CAN N. iridis (Ehr.) Cl. 6, 12 AC, BF N. iridis var. amphigomphus (Ehr.) A. Mayer 9 FON1 N. iridis var. vernalis (Reich. ex Hust.) Frenguelli 6 BF N. ladogense var. densestriatum f. peribryum Lowe 6, 7, 8 BF, IC, PIG1, RAM & Kociol. N. tenuissimum Hust. 6 AC, BF 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 131 Taxon Source Sites Pinnulariaceae Caloneis aerophila Bock 15 LAU C. alpestris (Grun.) Cl. 6 AC C. bacillum (Grun.) Cl. 6, 7, 14 Common C. hyalina Hust. 6 AC C. lauta Carter & Bailey-Watts 15 FCF, HRR, HWF, JWF C. lewisii var. infl ata (Schultze) Patr. 6 AC C. schumanniana var. biconstricta f. baikalensis Skvortz. 6 AC C. tenuis (Greg.) Kramm. 15 LCR, NGR C. undulata (Greg.) Kramm. 11 AF Diatomella balfouriana (W. Smith) Grev. 15 WOS, CF Pinnularia abaujensis var. rostrata (Patr.) Patr. 7 CC P. abaujensis var. subundulata (A. Mayer ex Hust.) Patr. 7 IC P. acidicola var. elongata Van de Vijver & Beyens 15 FCF, HRR, JWF, TBF P. acrospheria W. Sm. 15 CAT3 P. cf. amabilis Kramm. 15 GSM P. angusta (Cleve) Kramm. 15 HWF P. angusta var. rostrata Kramm. 15 FCF, HRR P. biceps Greg. 7 BOW, FC, TW P. borealis Ehr. 15 Common P. borealis var. rectangularis Carls. 6, 14 BF, CAT1 P. braunii var. amphicephala (A. Mayer) Hust. 7 CC, MCB P. brebissonii (Kütz.) Rabh. 15 LMC P. burkei Patr. 5, 6 AC, BF, CH, HU P. erratica Kramm. 5, 6 BF, CH, HU P. cf. graciloides var. triundulata (Font.) Kramm. 15 GSM P. intermedia (Lagerst.) Cl. 7 IC, MCB P. lecohui Van de Vijver 15 GSM P. macilenta Ehr. 12 BRA P. maior (Kütz.) Rabh. 7, 12 BRA, CC P. mesogongyla Ehr. 5, 6 BF, CH, HU P. mesolepta (Ehr.) W. Sm. 6 BF P. mesolepta var. angusta Cl. 7 IC, MCB P. microstauron (Ehr.) Cl. 7, 14 FCF, IC, LCM, MCB P. microstauron var. rostrata Kramm. 15 FCF, HRR, TBF P. neomajor Kramm. 7, 12 BRA, CC P. nodosa (Ehr.) W. Sm. 6 BF P. obscura Krasske 6, 7, 14 Common P. obscuriformis Kramm. 7 IC P. rabenhorstii var. franconica Kramm. 3 Common P. stomatophora (Grun.) Cl. 6, 7, 14 Widespread P. stomatophora var. irregularis Kramm. 15 Common P. streptoraphe Cl. 7 MCB P. subcapitata Greg. 7 CC, IC, MCB P. subcapitata var. hilseana (Janisch ex Rabj.) Müll. 15 Common P. subcapitata var. paucistriata (Grun.) Cl. 7 IC P. subrupestris Kramm. 15 FCF, HRR, LCM P. substomatophora Hust. 7 IC P. sudetica var. brittanica (Grun.) Kramm. 15 FCF, HRR, JWF, TBF P. termitina (Ehr.) Patr. 5, 6 AC, BF, CH, HU P. titusiana Hagelst. 7 MCB P. viridis (Nitzsch) Ehr. 6, 12, 14 Common Pleurosigmataceae Gyrosigma sciotoense (Sullivant & Wormley) Cleve 9 AC G. scalproides (Rabh.) Cl. 6 AC, BF G. spencerii (Quekett) Griffith & Henfrey 6 AC 132 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Taxon Source Sites Sellaphoraceae Eolimna minima (Grun.) L.-Bert. 6, 14 Widespread Fallacia indifferens (Hust.) D.G. Mann 6 AC, BF F. subhamulata (Grun.) D.G. Mann 6 AC F. vitrea (Østrup) D.G. Mann 7 FC Sellaphora laevissima (Kütz.) D.G. Mann 6 AC S. seminulum (Grun.) D.G. Mann 15 HWF S. mutata (Krasske) L.-Bert. 6 AC S. parapupula L.-Bert. 5, 6 AC, HU S. pupula (Kütz.) Meresch. 6, 7, 14 AC, CF, IC, MCB S. rectangularis (Greg.) L.-Bert. & Metzelt. 6, 7, 14 Common S. cf. rectilinearis L.-Bert. 15 IC, TBF S. rostrata (Hust.) Johansen 6 AC S. seminulum (Grun.) Mann 5, 6, 7 Widespread S. wummensis Johansen 9 CAC Stauroneidaceae Craticula accomoda (Hust.) D.G. Mann 6 AC, BF C. cuspidata (Kütz.) D.G. Mann 6 AC Stauroneis acuta var. terryana Temp. 6 AC S. anceps Ehr. 7, 14 HWF, IC, TW S. borrichi var. subcapitata (J.B. Petersen) Lund 15 BF S. gracilior (Rabenhorst) Reichardt 6, 14 BF, HRR, LCM S. kriegeri Patr. 6, 14 Common S. obtusa Lagerst. 9 GCD S. phoenicenteron (Nitz.) Ehr. 9, 12 BRA, MEI S. phoenicenteron f. gracilis (Ehr.) Hust. 6 AC, BF S. smithii Grun. 6 AC S. smithii var. incisa Pant. 6 AC Orthoseirales Orthoseiraceae Orthoseira dendroteres (Ehr.) Crawford 15 Common O. roeseana (Rabh.) O Meara 6, 9, 14 Widespread O. spinosa W. Sm. 15 HWF Rhizosoleniales Rhizosoleniaceae Acanthoceros zachariasi (Brun) Simonsen 15 FON Urosolenia eriensis (H.L. Smith) Round & Crawford 15 FON Rhopalodiales Rhopalodiaceae Epithemia adnata var. saxonica (Kütz.) Patr. 9 AC E. turgida var. westermanii (Ehr.) Grun. 6 AC Rhopalodia acuminata Kramm. 15 Common R. brebissonii Kramm. 9 FON1 R. gibberula (Ehr.) O. Müll. 7, 14 Common R. gibberula var. vanheurckii O. Müll. 6 AC, BF Surirellales Surirellaceae Cymatopleura solea (Bréb.) W. Sm. 6 AC Stenopterobia delicatissima (Lewis) Bréb. ex V.H. 9, 14 ABB, HRR S. sp. 1 15 HWF S. sp. 2 15 HWF 2007 J.R. Johansen et al. 133 Taxon Source Sites Surirella agmatilis Camb. 6 AC S. angustata Kütz. 6, 7 AC, CC S. brebissonii var. kuetzingiana Kramm. & L.-Bert. 5, 6 AC, CH S. carolinicola Camb. 6 AC S. linearis W. Sm. 9 AC S. linearis var. helvetica (Brun) Meist. 6 AC S. minuta Bréb. 6 AC S. nervosa (Schmidt) A. Mayer 6, 12 AC S. ovata Kütz. 5, 6 AC, CH S. ovata var. pinnata (W. Sm.) Hust. 6 AC S. stalagma Hohn & Hellerm. 6 AC S. spiralis Kütz. 6 AC Tabellariales Tabellariaceae Tabellaria fenestrata (Lyngbye) Kütz. 1, 9 FON T. fl occulosa (Roth) Kütz. 6 AC Tetracyclus rupestris (A. Br.) Grun. 6, 14 Common Thalassiophysales Catenulaceae Amphora copulata (Kütz.) Schoeman & Archibald 6 AC A. pediculus (Kütz.) Grun. 6 AC Thalassiosirales Stephanodiscaceae Cyclotella ocellata Pant. 15 FON C. pseudostelligera Hust. 6 AC Discostella stelligera (Cl.) Houk & Klee 6 AC Stephanocyclus meneghiniana (Kütz.) Skabitsch. 6 AC, BF Thalassiosiraceae “Spicaticribra kingstonii” 15 Phaeophyta (1 TAXON) Ectocarpales Ralfsiaceae Heribaudiella sp. 15 AC Cryptophyta (1 TAXON) Cryptomonadales Cryptomonadaceae Cryptomonas pyrenoidifera Geitler 15 FON Dinophyta (21 TAXA) Gloeodiniales Gloeodiniopsidaceae Rufusiella insignis (Hassall) Loeblich 1, 14 AF, CAT1, CAT2, HWF Gymnodiniales Gymnodiniaceae Gymnodinium aeruginosum F. Stein 15 MCP 134 Southeastern Naturalist Special Issue 1 Taxon Source Sites Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehr.) F. Stein 15 FON Katodinium bohemicum (Fott) Litvinenko 15 FON Peridiniales Ceratiaceae Ceratium hirundinella (O. Müll.) Bergh 15 MCP C. rhomvoides Hickel 15 FON Gonyaulacaceae Thompsodinium intermedium (Thomps.) Bour. 1 FON1 Peridiniaceae Durinskia baltica (Levan.) Carty & Cox 15 MCP Peridiniopsis elpatiewski (Ostenf.) Bour. 15 FON P. polonicum (Wolo.) 15 FON P. quadridens (Stein) Bour. 15 MCP Peridinium defl andrei Lefevre 15 FON P. gatunense Nygaard 15 MCP P. inconspicuum Lemm. 15 FON P. lomnickii Woloszynska 15 MCP P. umbonatum Stein 1 FON1 P. volzii Lemm. 15 MCP P. willei Huitfeld-Kaas 1 FON P. wisconsinense Eddy 15 FON Phytodiniales Phytodiniaceae Dinococcus bicornis (Wolo.) Fott 15 MCP Stylodinium globosum G.A. Krebs 15 CAD1 Euglenophyta (19 TAXA) Euglenales Euglenaceae Euglena fusca (Klebs) Lemm. 15 MCP E. helicoideus (Bernard) Lemm. 15 MCP E. polymorpha P.A. Dangeard 15 MCP E. spirogyra Ehr. 15 MCP E. splendens P.A. Dangeard 15 MCP Lepocinclis ovum (Ehr) Lemm. 15 MCP L. s texta (Dujardin)Lemm. 15 MCP Monomorphina pyrum (Ehr.) Mereschkowsky 15 CAD2 Phacus platalea Drezepolski 15 MCP P. suecicus Lemm. 15 BS P. tortus (Lemm.) Skvortzov 15 MCP Strombomonas cf. urceolata (Stokes) Defl and. 15 MCP Trachelomonas armata (Ehr.) Stein 15 MCP T. dubia Swirenko 15 MCP T. hispida (Perty) Stein 15 BS T. superba Svirenko 15 MCP T. volvocina Ehr. 15 BS T. woycickii Koczwara 15 BS Heteronematales Peranemidae Peranemopsis limax (Christen) Larsen 13 RAM1